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ch. 9&10

Europe flascards

Eurasia the large landmass that includes both asia and europe
topography the shape and elevation of land
middle ages a period that lasted from about 500-1500 in europe
medieval reffering to the middle ages
Patrick Christian saint he converted the people of Ireland to Christianity
monk a religious man who lived apart from society in an isolated place community.
monastery a community of monks
Benedict Italian monk and saint he created a set of rules
Charlemagne King of Franks; strong leader
knight A warrior in medieval Europe
vassal A knight who promised to support a lord in exchange for land in Medieval Europe.
Feudalism the system of obligation that governed the relationships between lords
William the Conqueror Powerful French nobel who conquered England
manor a large estate owned by a knight or lord
serf A worker in medieval Europe who was tied to the land on which he or she lived
Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen of France and England she was one of the most powerful women in Europe during the middle ages
chivalry the code of honorable behavior for medieval knights
haiku A type of Japanese poem with three lines and seventeen syllables
role assigned behavior
elements parts
excommunicate to cast out from the church
pope gregory VII a powerful medieval pope he fought with holy Roman emperor Henry IV over the power to choose church officials
Emperor Henry IV Holy Roman emperor he fought against pope Gregory VII
Crusades a long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in southwest asia fought for control of the holy land.
Holy Land the region on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean sea were Jesus lived preached and died.
Pope Urban II Medieval pope he called on Christians to launch the first crusade.
King Richard I King of England he led Christians in the first crusade.
Saladin Muslim general he led the muslim forces during the third crusade
clergy church officials
religious order a group of people who dedicate their lives to religion and follow common rules
francis of assisi Italian saint he encouraged people to be kind to others and founded the Franciscan order.
friars a member of a religious order who lived and worked among the public.
Thomas Aquinas Dominican Philosopher he argued that rational thought could be used to support Christian belief
natural law a law that people could believed God had created to govern how the world operated
Magna Carta A document signed in 1215
Parliament the lawmaking body that governs England
Hundred Years' war a long conflict between England and France that lasted from 1337 to 1453
Joan of Arc French peasant girl she rallied the french troops in the Hundred Years' war.
Black Death A deadly plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and 1351
Heresy religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings
Reconquista the effort of christian kingdoms in northern Spain to retake land from the moors.
King Ferdinand king of Spain he and his wife isabella completed the reconquista
Queen Isabella Queen of castle in Spain
Spanish Inquisition an organization of priests in Spain that looked for and punished anyone suspected of practicing their old religion
authority power, right to rule
policy rule, course of action
Created by: Pandabear<3.