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Bonewit Chapter 10

abrasion a wound in which the outer layers of the skin are damaged; a scrape
abscess a collection of pus in a cavity surrounded by inflammed tissue
absorbable suture suture material that is gradually digested by tissue enzymes and absorbed by the body
approximation the process of bringing two parts, such as tissue, together through the use of sutures or other means.
bandage a strip of woven material used to wrap or cover a part of the body.
biopsy the surgical removal and examination if tissue from the living body.
capillary action the action that causes liquid to rise along a wick, a tube, or a gauze dressing
colposcope a lighted instrument with a binocular magnifying lens used to examine the vagina and the cervix.
colposcopy the visual exmination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
contaminate as it relates to sterile technique, to cause a sterile object or surface to become unsterile
contusion an injury to the tissues under the skin that causes blood vessels to rupture, allowing blood to seep into the tissues; a bruise.
cryosurgery the therapeutic use of freezing temperatures to destroy abnormal tissue
exudate a discharge produced by the body's tissues
fibroblast an immature cell from which connective tissue can develop
forceps a two-pronged instrument for grasping and squeezing
furuncle a localized staphylcoccal infection that originates deep within a hair follicle
hemostasis the arrest of bleeding by natural or artificial means
incision a clean cut caused by a cutting instrument
infection the condition in which the body, or a part of it, is invaded by a pathogen
infiltration the process by which a substance passes into and is deposited within the substance of a cell, tissue, or organ
inflammation a protective response of the body to trauma and the entrance of foreign matter. The purpose of inflammation is to destroy invading MOs and to repair injured tissue.
laceration a wound in which the tissues are torn apart, leaving ragged and irregular edges
ligate to tie off and close a structure such as a severed blood vessel
local anesthetic a drug that produces a loss of feeling and an inability to perceive pain in only a specific part of the body
mayo tray a broad, flat metal tray placed on a stand and used to hold sterile instruments and supplies when it has been covered with a sterile towel
needle biopsy a type of biopsy in which tissue from deep within the body is obtained by the insertion of a biopsy needle through the skin
nonabsorbable suture suture material that is not absorbed by the body and either remains permanently in the body tissue and becomes encapsulated by fibrous tissue or is removed.
postoperative after a surgical operation
preoperative preceding a surgical operation
puncture a wound made by a sharp pointed object piercing the skin
scalpel a surgical knife used to divide tissues
scissors a cutting instrument
sebaceous cyst a thin, closed sac or capsule that conatins fatty secretions from a sebaceous gland
serum the clear, straw-colored part of the blood that remains after the solid elements have been seperated out of it
sterile free of all living MOs and bacterial spores
surgical asepsis practices that keep objects and areas sterile or free from MOs
sutures material used to approximate tissues with surgical stitches
swaged needle a needle with suturing material permanently attatched to its end
wound a break in the continuity of an external or internal surface caused by physical means