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CM II - Spring 2012

Name of end portion of bone? Epiphysis
Zone of growth of bone? Metaphysis
Shaft of bone? Diaphysis
Periosteum contains? Pain receptors and blood supply
Freely mobile joints are known as? Synovial/Diarthrodial
Thumb is what kind of jt? Saddle
Ex of pivot jt? Radius/ulna
Pronate vs supinate of feet? P=in; S=out
Varus vs Valgus? Varus = push leg in lateral direction, so bow-legged (distal extrem is inward) Valgus = put medial stress on leg, so knock-kneed (distal extrem is outward)
Tendon Connects muscles to bone
Ligament Connects bone to bone
Stretching of ligaments d/t excessive force is aka? Sprain
Stretching/partial tearing of muscle-tendon unit from excessive force, aka? Strain
Frx involving buckling of the cortex? Torus
Frxr caused by tendon or ligament pulling a pc of bone off? Avulsion
Crushed/shattered type of frxr? Comminuted
New bone forming in response to infection process? Involucrum
Dead bone fragments that are in the zone of the bone infection? Sequestrum
NL ESR? Elevated? Nl= 0-15 Elev= >50...
CRP NL? Elevated? Nl = <.8 Elev= 3, 5, 10...
Osteomyelitis requires? Host, bacteria, inflamm response
Organisms in osteomyeletis of infants? Group B strep, Staph, E. coli
Organisms in osteomyelitis of children? Staph, H flu, Strep pyogenes
Created by: ferrier.kath
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