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Endocrine Med-Term

Endocrine Language of Medicine

QuestionAnswer
Endocrine system nervouse system uses... nerves to conduct information
Endocrine System uses blood vessels to conduct info
Endocrine system electrolytes = Mineral salts found in blood
Endocrine glands secrete their hormone directly into the bloodstream
Endocrine Glands are responsible for these organs... *Thyroid Gland *Parathyroid glands (four glands) *Adrenal glands (one pair) * Pancreas (islets of Langerhans) *Pituitary gland *Ovaries (one pair) *Testes (one pair) *Pineal gland * Thymus Gland
Pineal Gland Secretes Melatonin located in Brain
Rt & Lt Lobes of thyroid gland located On each side of the trachea
Thyroxine Manintain a normal level of metabolism in all body cells
Calcitonin produced by Thyroid gland
Homeostasis Consistency of internal enviroment
Adrenal Cortex secretes... Corticosteriods or steroids
Glucocorticoids Influence metabolism of sugars, fats, and proteins and are antiinflammatory
Proteins (cortisol)
Anti-inflammatory Cortisone
Aldosterone regulates concentration of mineral salts in the body
How many hormones does the Andrenal Medulla secrete? 2
Adrenal Medulla secretes... Catecholamine hormones
Epinephrine Adrenaline
Norepinephrine noradrenaline
Name sympathomimetic agents Epinephrine (adrenaline) Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
sympathomimetic agents...(definition) mimic/copy actions of sympathetic nervous system
Adrenal cortex secretes three types of ... corticosteroids
Name the 3 corticosteriods *Glucocorticoids *Mineralcorticoids *Sex hormones
Mineralcorticoids... Aldosterone; Increase salt (sodium) reabsorption
Pancreas location... Near and partially behind stomach
Pancreas Exocrine and Endocrine 2 roles: Bloodstream Outside body chemical ducts
Islets of Langerhans produce Insulin
Glucagon Promotes movement of glucose into the blood by breaking down glycogen stored in liver cells
Pituitary gland (anterior lobe) Acromegaly hypersecretion of hormone due to adenohypophysis Aka Anterior Pituitary gland; hyper secreting its hormone
Syndrome of inappropriate Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH) Due to hyper secretion of hormone; by posterior lobe of pituitary gland
Radioactive Iodine Uptake (RAIU) Used to assess thyroid function; test for endemic goiter.
Abbr: ADH Antidiuretic hormone
Abbr: BMR Basal Metabolic Rate
Abbr: DM Diabetes Mellitus
Abbr: FBS Fasting Blood Sugar
Abbr: GH Growth Hormone
Abbr: IDDM Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (types 2 DM)
Abbr: K+ Potassium
Abbr: Na+ Sodium
Abbr: NIDDM Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (type 2 DM)
Abbr: TSH Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone
(Secondary complications of Diabetes): Diabetic Retinopathy Destruction of the blood vessels of the retina causing visual loss and blindness
(Secondary Complications of DM) Diabetic nephropathy Destruction of the kidneys causing insufficiency and often requiring hemodialysis or renal transplantation
(Secondary complication of DM) Atherosclerosis Destruction of the blood vessels, leading to stroke, heart disease, and peripherovascular ischemia
Peripherovascular Ischemia Gangrene, infection and loss of limbs
(Secondary complications of DM) Diabetic Neuropathy Destruction of nerves invovling pain or loss of sensation most commonly in extremities
(Secondary complications of DM) Gastroparesis Loss of gastric motility
Created by: BeckiiBabii