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EAWS - Medical

EAWS -- First Aid and CPR

What are the three objectives of First Aid? To prevent further injury, infection and loss of life
What are the eight main categories of First Aid? Bleeding, Burns, Fractures, Electric shock, Obstrctured airways, Heat related injuries, Cold weather injuries, Shock
What are four methods of controlling bleeding? Direct pressure, elevation, pressure points, tourniquet
What is a pressure point? A point on the body where a main artey lies near the skin surface and over a bone
What are the 11 principal pressure points? Superficial temporal, Facial, Common carotid, Subclavian, Brachial (inner upper arm), Brachial (inner elbow), Ulnar, Femoral, Iliac, Popliteal, Anterior/Posterial tibial
Where is the superficial temporal artery located? Tempal
Where is the facial artery located? Jaw
Where is the common carotid artery located? Neck
Where is the subclavian artery located? Collar bone
Where is the branchial arteries located? Inner upper arm and Inner elbow
Where is the ulnar artery located? Wrist
Where is the femoral artery located? Upper thigh
Where is the iliac artery located? Groin
Where is the popliteal artery located? Knee
Where is the anterior/posterior tibial arteries located? Ankle
what are the three classifications of burns? First degree, Second degreee and Third degree
What are the signs of a first degree burn? Redness, warmth, mild pain
What are the signs of a second degree burn? Red blistered skin, and severe pain
What are the signs of a third degree burn? Destroyed tissue (skin and bone in severe cases), however no pain due to nerve endings being destroyed
What are two types of fractures? Simple and compound
Whats a simple fracture? A broken bone without a break in skin
Whats a compound fracture? A broken bone with a break in skin and possible bone protrusion
Whats electric shock? When a person comes into contact with an electric energy source
Whats an obstructed airways? Obstruction of the upper airway can be caused by many things depending on age and situation
What are the indications of an airway obstruction? Inablity to talk, grasping or pointing to the throat, exaggerated breathing efforts, and the skin turing bluish in color
What are two types of heat related injuries? Heat exhastion and Heat stroke
What are the signs of heat exhaustion The skin is cool, moist , and clammy and the pupils are dilated. The victim is usually sweating profusely
What are the signs of heat stroke? Hot and/or dry skin, uneven pupil dilation, and a weak rapid pulse
What are three types of cold weather injuries? Hypothermia, Superficial frostbite, Deep frostbite
What is hypothermia? A general cooling of the whole body caused by exposure to low or rapidly falling temperature, cold moisture, snow or ice
Created by: chany3592
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