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Skull

QuestionAnswer
Frontal Bone most visible part at the front of the skull
Supraorbital Margin Eyebrow bone
Orbital Plate Top of eye-socket
Supraorbital Foramen Foramen on top of eye-socket
Nasal Bones Nose
Maxilla Upper Jaw
Alveolus Tooth socket
Alveolar Process Combined alveoli make up this
Zygomatic Bone Cheekbones, lateral to the maxilla
Lacrimal Bones medial wall of the orbit
Lacrimal Groove Leads to the nasolacrimal canal
Nasolacrimal Canal connects the eye to the nose
Ethmoid Bone posterior to the lacrimal bone
Sphenoid Bone most rear part of the orbit, also between temporal and frontal bone
Optic Canal Foramen in the Sphenoid
Superior Orbital Fissure Upper fissure in sphenoid
Inferior Orbital Fissure Lower fissure in sphenoid
Perpendicular Plate Middle ethmoid bone in sinus cavity
Vomer Bone most inferior portion of the septum
Middle Nasal Conchae upper, lateral parts of ethmoid bone in sinus cavity
Inferior Nasal Conchae Lower, lateral parts of the septum
Mandible Lower jaw
Mental Foramina foramen on front of mandible
Mandibular Symphysis where the right and left halves of the mandible come together
Body horizontal part of the mandible
Angle most posterior edge of the mandible
Ramus Vertical part of the mandible
Coronoid Process Anterior process extending from ramus
Condyloid Process Posterior process extending from the ramus
Mandibular Condyle Round portion on top of the Condyloid Process
Mandibular Notch Space between the Coronoid and Condyloid Processes
Mandibular Foramen Foramen on back of the mandible
Mylohyoid Line A bony ridge extending from the mandibular foramen
Parietal Bone Largest bone visible to the lateral skull
Sagittal Suture Connects the parietal and the occipital bones
Coronal Suture Connects the parietal and the frontal bones
Temporal Bone large flat bone posterior to the sphenoid bone
Squamous Portion large flat portion of the temporal bone below the parietal
Squamous Suture Connects the squamous portion to the parietal bone
Zygomatic Process Process that extends from the temporal Bone towards the cheekbone
External Acoustic Meatus Opening to the ear
Mastoid Process Bony Process posterior to the External Acoustic Meatus
Styloid Process sharp, pointed process that extends from the temporal bone anterior to the External Acoustic Meatus
Occipital Bone Large bone visible on the Posterior of the skull
Lambdoid Suture Connects the occipital and the parietal bones
External Occipital Protuberance bump in the middle of the occipital bone
Median Nuchal Line extends downward from the external occipital protuberance
Superior & Inferior Nuchal Lines Lines that extend laterally above and below the external occipital protuberance
Foramen Magnum largest foramen on the underside of the skull
Occipital Condyles Condyles on either side of the foramen magnum
Hypoglossal Canals Canals that run horizontally through the occipital condyles
Condyloid Canal Canals that run vertically through the occipital condyles
Stylomastiod Foramen Foramen between the styloid and mastoid processes
Jugular Foramina large foramens lacrimal to the occipital condyles, closest to the foramen magnum
Jugular Fossa Shallow Fossa next to the Jugular Foramina
Carotid Canal A canal just anterior to each jugular foramina and styloid process
Mandibular Fossa Fossa where the mandibular Condyles fit into the skull
Foramen Spinosum Smallest hole located in the sphenoid bone anterior to the carotid canal
Foramen Ovale Oval-shaped holes just below the foramen spinosum, in the sphenoid bone
Foramen Lacerum the most medial foramen, located between the temporal and the occipital bones
Pterygoid Processes Plates that extend from the nasal region
Palatine Bone Set of bones behind the palatetine bone
Lesser Palatine Foramina series of little foramina on the lateral sides of the palatine bone
Greater Palatine Foramina Larger foramina on the palatine bone
Transverse Palatine Suture Connects the palatine bones to the palatine process
Palatine Process most anterior part of the maxilla; the whole palate
Median Palatine Suture Connects the sides of the palatine process together.
Anterior Palatine Foramen Part of the palate just behind the teeth
Anterior Cranial Fossa the most anterior part of the interior of the skull
Middle Cranial Fossa The middle portion of the interior of the skull
Posterior Cranial Fossa The most posterior part of the interior of the skull
Crista Galli Process in the anterior cranial fossa near the frontal bone, part of the ethmoid bone
Cribriform Plate the base of the crista galli, the middle portion of the ethmoid bone
Cribriform Foramina Holes on the cribriform plate
Lesser Wind of the Sphenoid the ledge where the anterior cranial fossa dips down into the middle cranial fossa.
Anterior Clinoid Process two processes that extend from the lesser wind of the sphenoid
Chiasmatic Groove The groove between the anterior clinoid processes
Foramen Rotundum foramen inferior to each clinoid process
Greater Wind of the Sphenoid Under the lesser wing of the sphenoid
Sella Turcica The hypophyseal fossa and the dorsum sella are knows as...
Hypophyseal Fossa The groove where his butt goes
Dorsum Sella the back of the chair for the little man
Posterior Clinoid Processes Processes that project from the dorsum sella
Petrous Portion where the middle cranial fossa dips into the posterior cranial fossa, thick boxy portion
Internal Acoustic Meatus canal on the petrous portion
Depression of the Transverse Sinus Stream-like groove on the posterior part of the occipital bone
https://homes.bio.psu.edu/people/faculty/waters/tutorial_project/system_links/skeletal_index.html https://homes.bio.psu.edu/people/faculty/waters/tutorial_project/system_links/skeletal_index.html
Created by: angeld0317