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Organs of the Body

A list of major organ systems, their functions, & the main organs of each system

QuestionAnswer
Which organ system transports materials to and from cells? Circulatory/Cardiovascular System
Which organs system supports and protects your body? Skeletal System
Which organ system breaks down food, absorbs nutrients, and eliminates wastes? Digestive System
Which organ system detects information from the environment, controls body reflexes, and controls other bodily function? Nervous System
Which organ system controls bodily functions through the use of hormones? Endocrine System
Which organ system takes in oxygen and eliminates carbon dioxide? Respiratory System
Which organ system removes liquid wastes through sweating and urination? Excretory System
Which system enables the movement of the body and internal organs? Muscular System
Which organ is also known as the windpipe? Trachea
What is the name of the flap of tissue that prevents food from entering the windpipe? Epiglottis
What organ of the digestive system produces bile? Liver
What is the main function of bile? Break down fats
Which organ of the body stores bile? gallbladder
What type of muscle cannot be controlled? Involuntary
The heart is what type of muscle? Involuntary
In what part of our body does the digestive process BEGIN? Mouth
What is the difference between mechanical and chemical digestion? Mechanical digestion breaks down food through tearing, chewing, churning, and biting. Chemical digestion breaks down food through the use of enzymes and stomach acids.
What structure in the small intestines allow for the maximum absorption of food? Villi
What is the main role of the large intestines? The large intestines facilitate the final absorption of water back into the body, and compress the remaining material to be eliminated.
What are the two types of blood cells in the human body and what are their function? Red blood cells carry oxygen to our body systems. White blood cells fight off diseases.
What is the main artery in our heart? Aorta
What is the main vein in our heart? Vena Cava
Created by: ladycolt44