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Medical terminology skeletal system

ankyl/o crooked, bent, or stiff
arth/o joint
chondr/o cartilage
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
-desis surgical fixation of bone or joint
kyph/o -hump
lord/o bent backward
-lysis loosening or setting free, breaking down or destruction and may indicate either a pathologic state or a therapeutic procedure
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
oss/e, oss/i, ost/o, oste/o act as the framework for the body, protect the internal organs, and store the mineral calcium
-poietic pertaining to formation
scoli/o curved
spondyl/o vertebrate
-um noun ending
allogenic originating within another
ankylosis is the loss or absence of mobility in a joint due to disease, an injury, or a surgical procedure; is any degenerative condition of the vertebrate
arthrodesis is a surgical procedure to stiffen a joint, such as a hip, or to join spinal vertebrate
arthroplasty -is any surgical repair of a damaged joint
arthrosclerosis is stiffness of the joints, especially in the elderly
arthroscopic -is the visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
autologous means originating within an individual
bursitis is an inflammation of a bursa that is typically caused by repetitive movements
callus -a thickening of part of the skin on the hands or feet caused by repeated rubbing; the bulging deposit that forms around the area of the back in a fractured bone
comminuted crushed into small pieces
crepitation known as crepitus
crepitus is the crackling sensation that is felt and heard when the ends of a broken bone move together
fontanel on a baby's head, known as the soft spot
kyphosis abnormal increase in the outward curuature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side; also known as humpback or dowager's hump
laminectomy surgical removal of a lamina from a vertebra
lumbago pain of the lumbar region; also known as low back pain
maxillary form most of the upper jaw
orthopedist orthopedic surgeon
orthotics field of knowledge relating to the making and fitting of orthopedic appliances
osteoarthritis form of arthritis commonly associated with aging; also known as wear-and-tear arthritis
Paget's disease of unknown cause characterized by extensive bone destruction followed by abnormal bone repair; also known as osteitis deformans
patella is the bony anterior portion of the kneecap
podiatrist a specialist in diagnosing, treating, and correcting disorders of the feet
rheumatoid arthritis also known as RA,is an autoimmune disorder
subluxation partial displacement of a bone from its joint
Created by: ayl95