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M4 Carbine

5.56 Semiautomatic Rifle

QuestionAnswer
What is the field manual concerning the M4 rifle? FM 3-22.9
What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon? Make sure you clear it
What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship? 1.Steady Position 2.Proper Aim (Sight Picture) 3.Breathing 4.Trigger Squeeze
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture? 1.Sight Alignment 2.Placing of the Aiming Point
What does the acronym SPORTS stand for? Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Squeeze
What is remedial action? Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage normal function and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.
Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M4. 1.Try to place the weapon on safe 2.Remove the magazine 3.Lock the bolt to the rear 4.Place the weapon on safe if not already done
Describe the proper procedure for applying immediate action with the M4. LOOK ON PAGE 1
Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action? Immediate action
What is immediate action? Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.(SPORTS)
How many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon? Once. (If Rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action)
What is a malfunction? The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo.
Name the different categories of malfunctions for the M4 Rifle. 1.Failure to feed, chamber or lock 2.Failure to fire cartridge 3.Failure to Extract 4.Failure to Eject
What is stoppage? A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation.
How do you clear a stoppage? Apply immediate or remedial action
What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range? The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.
What does CLP stand for? Cleaner - It contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon. Lubricant - It lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication. Preservative - It prevents rust from Forming
Describe the M4 Rifle. A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon.
What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M4 Rifle? M193 – Ball; M196 – Tracer; M199 – Dummy; M200 – Blank (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp); M855 – Ball (Green Tip); M856 – Tracer (Red Tip); M862 – Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)
Describe the weights of the M4 Rifle without mgazine and sling, with sling and loaded 20 round magazine and with sling and loaded 30 round magazine. Without Magazine and Sling - 6.49 pounds With Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 7.19 pounds With Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 7.50 pounds
Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M4 Rifle. Semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minute Burst - 90 rounds per minute Sustained - 12-15 rounds per minute
What is the muzzle velocity of the M4 Rifle? 2,970 feet per second
Describe the ranges for the M4 Rifle. Maximum Range - 3,600 meters Max Effective Range for a Point Target - 500 meters Max Effective Range for an Area Target - 600 meters
Describe the Barrel Rifling for the M4 Rifle. Right hand twist 1/7
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M4? 210 Rounds total. (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)
The elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the M4 Rifle how much? 300 to 600 meters
What is the overall length of the M4 Rifle? Buttstock Closed - 29.75 inches Buttstock Open - 33.00 inches
What are the four positions for the buttstock of the M4 Rifle? 1.Closed 2.1/2 Open 3.3/4 Open 4.Full Open
What are the 8 steps in the functioning of the M4 rifle? 1.Feeding 2.Chambering 3.Locking 4.Firing 5.Unlocking 6.Extract ing 7.Ejecting 8.Cocking
What part of the M4 Rail Adapter System may be removed to perform PMCS? Only the Lower Assembly
Describe the procedures for clearing the M4 Rifle. LOOK ON PAGE 2
How do you perform a functions check on the M4 Rifle? LOOK ON PAGE 3
Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship. Preliminary Rifle Instruction; Downrange Feedback; Field Fire; Advanced Rifle Marksmanship; Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sights
What is the purpose of a weaponeer? LOOK ON PAGE 3
During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught? Individual Foxhole supported Basic Prone unsupported
What are the steps required in order to mechanically zero the M4? LOOK ON PAGE 1
What are the steps required in order to battle sight zero the M4? LOOK ON PAGE 2
Created by: r.burns