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Medical term root

medical terminology roots

abdomin abdomen
acanth thorny, spiny
acetabul acetabulum (hip socket)
acou hearing
acr extremities; height
actin ray; radaius
adenoid adenoids
aden gland
adrenal, adren adrenal gland
aer air; gas
albumin albumin
algesi pain
alveol alveolous
ambly dull; dim
amni, amnion amnion
amyl starch
andr male
angi vessel
anis unequal; dissimilar
ankkyl crooked; stiff; bent
antr antrum
an anus
aort aorta
aponeur aponeurosis
appendic appendix
arche first; beginning
arteri artery
arteriol arteriole (small artery)
arthr, articul joint
atel imperfect; incomplete
ather yellowish; fatty plaque
atri atrium
aur ear
aut self
axill armpit
azot urea; nitrogen
bacteri bacteria
balan glans penis
bi life
bil bile
blast developing cell
blephar eyelid
brachi arm
bronch bronchus
bronchiol bronchiole
bucc cheek
burs bursa (cavity)
calc calcium
cancer, carcin cancer
cardi heart
carp carpals (wrist bones)
caud tail; toward the lower part o the body
cec cecum
celi abdomen (abdominal cavity)
cephal head
cerebell cerebellum
cerebr cerebellum; brain
cerumin cerumen (earwax)
cervic cervix
cheil lip
chir hand
cholangi bile duct
chol gall; bile
choledoch common bile duct
chondr cartilage
chori chorion
chrom color
clavic, clavicul clavicle (collar bone)
col colon
colp vagina
coni dust
conjunctiv conjunctiva
core, cor pupil
corne cornea
coron heart
cortic cortex (outer layer of body organ)
cost rib
crani cranium (skull)
cry cold
crypt hidden
culd culdesac
cutane skin
cyan blue
cyes pregnancy
cyst bladder; sac
cyt cell
dacry tear; tear duct
dactyl fingers or toes
dent tooth
dermat, derm skin
dextr right
diaphor sweat
diaphragmat diaphragm
dipl two; double
dips thirst
disk intervertebral disk
diverticul diverticulum
dors back (of the body)
duoden duodenum
dur hard; dura mater
dynam power or strength
ech sound
ectop located away from usual place
electr electricity; electrical activity
embry embryo; to be full
emmetr a normal measures
encephal brain
endocrin endocrine
enter intestines
epididym epididymis
epiglott epiglottis
episi vulva
epitheli epithelium
erythr red
esophag esophagus
esthesi sensation; sensitivity; feeling
eti cause (of disease)
faci face
femor femur (upper leg bone)
fet fetus; unborn child
fibr fibrous tissue; fibers
fibul fibula (lower leg)
gangli, ganglion ganglion
gastr stomach
ger,geront old age; aged
gingiv gum
glomerul glomerulus
gloss tongue
glu sweetness; sugar
glyc, glycos sugar
gnath jaw
gnos knowledge
gon seed
gravid pregnancy
gynec, gyn woman
hem, hemat blood
hepat liver
herni hernia
heter other
hidr sweat
hist tissue
hom same
home sameness; unchanging
humer humerous (upper arm bone)
hydr water
hymen hymen
hypn sleep
hyster uterus
iatr medicine; physician
ichthy fish
ile ileum
ili ilium
immun immune
irid, iri iris
ischi ischium
isch deficiency; blockage
is equal; same
jejun jejunum
kal potassium
kary nucleus
kerat horny tissue; hard
kin movement
kinesi movement; motion
kyph hump
labi lips
labyrinth labyrinth
lacrim tear duct; tear
lact milk
lamin lamina (thin; flat plate or layer)
lapar abdomen
laryng larynx
later side
lei smooth
leuk white
lingu tongue
lip fat
lith stone; calculus
lob lobe
lord bent foward
lymph lymph
macr abnormal largeness
mamm, mast breast
mandibul mandible (lower jawbone)
mastoid mastoid
maxill maxilla (upper jawbone)
meat meatus (opening)
melan black
mening meninges
menisc meniscos (crescent)
men menstuation
ment mind
metr uterus
mon one
morph form; shape
muc mucus
myc fungus
myel bone marrow; spinal cord
myelon bone marrow
myos, my muscle
myring eardrum
narc stupor
nas nose
nat birth
necr death (cells; body)
nephr kidney
neur nerve
noct, nyct, nyctal night
ocul eye
olig scanty; few
omphal umbilicu; navel
onc tumor
onych nail
oo egg; ovum
oophor ovary
ophthalm eye
opt vision
orchid, orchi, orch testis; testicle
organ organ
or mouth
orth straight
oste bone
ot ear
ov egg
ox oxygen
pachy thick
palat palate
pancreat pancreas
papill nipple
parathyroid parathyroid gland
par, part bear; give birth to; labor
patell patella (kneecap)
path diease
pector chest
ped child; foot
pelv pelvis; pelvic bone
perine perineum
peritone peritoneum
petr stone
phac, phak lens of the eye
phag eat; swallow
phalang pharynx
phas speech
phleb vein
phot light
phren mind
physi nature
plasm plasma
pleur pleura
pneumat,pneum, pneumon lung; air
pod foot
poli gray matter
poikil varied; irregular
polyp polyp; small growth
poster back (of body)
prim first
proct rectum
prostat prostate gland
pseud fake; false
psych mind
pub pubis
puerper childbirth
pulmon lung
pupill pupil
pyel renal pelvis
pylor pylorus (pyloric sphincter)
py pus
pyr fever; heat
quadr four
rachi vertebra; spinal or vertebral column
radic, radicul, rhiz nerve root
radi radius ( lower arm bone)
rect rectum
ren kidney
retin retina
rhabd rod shaped; striated
rhin nose
rhytid wrinkles
salping fallopian (uterine) tube
sarc flesh; connective tissue
scapul scapula (shoulder bone)
scler sclera
scoli crooked; curved
seb sebum (oil)
sept septum
sial saliva
sigmoid sigmoid
sinus sinus
somat body
somn sleep
son sound
spermat, sperm spermatozoan; sperm
sphygm pulse
spir breathe; breathing
splen spleen
spondyl vertebra; spinal or vertebral column
staped stapes (middle ear bone)
staphyl grapelike clusters
stern sternum (breastbone)
steth chest
stomat mouth
strept twisted chains
synovi synovia; synovia membrane
system system
tars tarsals (ankle bone)
tars edge of eyelid; tarsal (instep of foot)
tendin, tend, ten tendon
test testis; testicle
therm heat
thorac thorax (chest)
thromb clot
thym thymus gland
thyroid, thyr thyroid gland
tibi tibia (lower leg bone)
tom cut; section
ton tension; pressure
tonsill tonsils
top place
toxic poision
trachel neck; neckline
thrache trachea
trich hair
tympan earadrum; middle ear
uln ulna (lower arm bone)
ungn nail
ureter ureter
urethr urethra
urin,ur urine; urinary tract
uter uterus
uvul uvula
vagin vagina
valv, valvol valve
vas vessel; duct
ven vein
ventricul ventricle
vertebr vertebra; spinal or vertebral column
vesic bladder; sac
vesicul seminal vesicles
viscer internal organs
vulv vulva
xanth yellow
xer dry
Created by: babycakes1026