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HHS Musculoskeletal

Medical Word Elements & Abbreviations

AE Above the Elbow
AK Above the Knee
BE Below the elbow
BK Below the knee
Fx fracture
IM Intramuscular
MG Myasthenia Gravis
RA Rheumatoid Arthritis
ROM Range of Motion
Arthr/o Joint
Kyph/o Humpback
Lamin/o Lamina, part of the vertebral arch
Lord/o curve, swayback
Myel/o Bone marrow, spinal cord
Oste/o Bone
Scoli/o crooked, bent
brachi/o arm
carp/o carpus, wrist bone
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck, cervix
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium, skull
Dactyl/o fingers, toes
Femor/o femur, thigh bone
Lumb/o Lower back
Pelv/i, Pelv/o pelvis
Phalang/o Phalanges, bones of the fingers and toes
pod/o foot
Vertebr/o vertebrae
stern/o sternum
Muscul/o, my/o muscle
Chondr/o Cartilage
Fibr/o Fiber, fibrous tissue
Ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon
-asthenia weakness, debility
-clasia surgical break of fracture
-clast to break
-malacia softening
-scopy visual examination
a- without, not
dys- bad; painful; difficult
sub- under, below
supra- above; excessive; superior
syn- union, together, joined