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What is the strongest joint in the body? the hip joint
What are the three structures that make up the hip? ilium, ischium, and pubis
What is the function of the hip and pelvic bones? to provide the structure to transfer weight between the torso and the lower extremities
Which three muscles make up the gluteal muscles? Gluteus medius, gluteus maximus, and gluteus minimus
What is a bursa? a synovial sac located over bony prominences in the body
What are the four fused vertebrae on the lower end of the spine called? coccyx
What are three injuries that can occur to the coccyx? contusions, dislocations, and fractures
How is a hip pointer caused? a direct blow to the iliac crest
What is a symptom of hip pointer? pain and discomfort with movement of the trunk and extremities
What are three things that contusions to the testicles cause? hemorrhaging, fluid effusion, and muscle spasm
What are two things that may help relieve the spasms that come with contustions to the testicles? lying on the ground and bringing thighs to chest, and loosening the clothing around the area
Where does trochanteric bursitis occur? the bursa sac where the gluteus medius and IT band insert into the greater trochanter
Who should handle hip dislocations? only emergency medical personnel
Which two ways does the hip dislocate? anteriorly and posteriorly
Why is it important not to put a dislocated hip back into place? the head of the femur could permanently damage nerves and blood vessels
How is the hip joint formed? the head of the femur fits into the deep socket of the hip
What type of joint is the hip? ball and socket
Which four muscles assist in hip flexion? iliopsoas, sartorius, pectineus, and rectus femoris
What is the largest muscle group in the body? the gluteal muscles
Which four muscles make up the hip adductor group? adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, and gracilis
Created by: mhtgroup