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QuestionAnswer
What are the four ligaments of the knee? Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Posterior Cruciate Ligament, Medial Collateral Ligament, and Lateral Collateral Ligament
What four muscles make up the quadriceps? Rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, and vastus intermedius
What is the function of the meniscus? Shock absorption, adds to joint-stability, and helps with the gliding and rotating movements of the femur and tibia
What do the semitendinosus, semimembranosus, and biceps femoris make up? the hamstring
What is another name for the Iliotibial (IT) band? Tensor fascia latae
Where does the patellar tendon attach? the tibial tubercle
What are the four bones that make up the knee joint? fibula, tibia, patella, and femur
What is the major weight-bearing bone of the lower leg? tibia
What are condyles? the convex surfaces on the end of the femur
Why is it good for knees to be protected by strong muscles? Some serious sports injuries can be avoided.
What is the largest joint in the body? the knee joint
What is the strongest bone in the body? femur
What do the collateral ligaments help with? reducing valgus and varus movement in the knee joint
Which two ligaments form an x in the middle of the knee joint? ACL and PCL
What do the ACL and PCL prevent? movement of the femur on the tibia
How are contusions caused? from a direct blow to the knee joint
How do you know if an athlete has a third degree sprain? if one or more ligament has been completely torn, there is joint instability, and rapid swelling
What does chondromalacia result in? the irritation and softening of cartilage on the patella
Who does the Osgood-Schlatter condition affect? adolescents during growth spurts
How is patellar tendonitis caused? excessive stress on the patellar tendon which results in inflammation
Ch.7 Maximo
Bones are classified according to.. their shapes
The shapes of the bone are.. long, short, flat, irregular, sesamoid
What is bone covered with? periosteum
What is the SHAFT of the bone called? diaphysis
Name one function of the bone support/protection, body formation, blood cell formation, store salts
Whats does the axial skeleton consist of? skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, thoracic cage
What does the thoracic cage consist of? ribs, thoracic vertebrae, sternum
The vertebral column extends from the skull to the.. pelvis
The humerus extends from the scapula to the.. elbow
How many pairs of ribs are there? 12
What does the cranium do? encloses/protects the brain
What do clavicles hold in place? shoulder
What does each hip bone consist of? ilium, ischium, pubis
Vertebrae are seperated by.. intervertebral discs
What forms the lowest part of the vertebral column? coccyx
The ____ acts like a shock absorber when a person sits coccyx
What side of the leg is the tibia located? medial
The fibula is located on which side of the tibia? lateral
Name 3 types of joints.. ball and socket, condyloid, gliding, hinge, pivot, saddle
What is at each end of a bone? epiphysis
Ch.8 Maximo
What are the three types of muscle? smooth, cardiac,and skeletal
What covers skeletal muscles? fascia
What does cytoplasm consist of? mitochondria, sarcoplasmic reticulum, actin/myosin
The organizations of actin and myosin produces.. striations
What stimulates muscle fibers to contract? motor neurons
What supplies the energy for muscle fiber contraction? ATP
Aerobic respiration requires which gas OXYGEN
What are the two different types of blood cells? red and white
During strenuous activities, oxygen deficiency can cause a build up of what? lactic acid
Muscle fatigue is due usually to a build up of.. lactic acid
What is a single, short contraction reflecting stimulation of a muscle fiber? twitch
Smooth muscle fibers contain filaments of.. actin, myosin
What are the two types of smooth muscle? multiunit smooth muscle, visceral smooth muscle
What are the two neurotransmitters involved in smooth muscle contraction? acetylcholine and noprepinephrine
What kind of muscle is self-exciting and rhythmic? cardiac
The immovable end of a skeletal muscle is its.. origin
The movable end of a skeletal muscle is its.. insertion
What is the medical term for "chewing" mastication
What aid prime movers? synergists
What resists the actions of prime movers? antagonists
Created by: mhtgroup