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A&P 12,13,14,15

blood, heart, circulation, lymph

Anti-bodies react with their antigens to cause clumping they ________ the antigens (meaning antibodies cause their targeted antigens to stick together into clusters) agglutinate
Blood type that does not contain A or B antigens, nor anti-A or anti-B antibodies Blood Type O
white blood cells are also known as leukocytes
This type of cell is not a white blood cell thrombocyte
This is a battery of tests used to measure the amounts or levels of many blood constituents and is often considered routine part of a PE CBC; complete blood count
Inadequate numbers of RBC's anemia
Sickle-Cell Anemia and Thalassemia are both types of _________ anemia Hemolytic
This anemia is caused by toxins and chemicals Aplastic anemia
Deficiency anemias are caused by what? Inadequate supply of substances such as B12
Dietary deficiency of vitamin B12 causes __________ anemia pernicious
What plays an essential part in clotting platelets
The anti-coagulant warfarin sodium(Coumadin) act by inhibiting synthesis of prothrombin and other vitamin K-dependant clotting factors
What can also be used to prevent excessive blood clotting Heparin
Heparin inhibits the conversion pof prothrombin to thrombin preventing the formation of a thrombus
Clot dissolving substance that is often used in dissolving clots that block the heart muscle arteries TPA; tissue plasminogen activator
The two upper chambers of the heart are called Atria
The two lower chambers of the heart are called Ventricles
Atria are also referred to as Receiving chambers
Ventricles are also referred to as Discharging chambers
The chambers of the heart are each lined with a smooth tissue called Endocardium
Inflammation of the tissue lining the chambers of the heart is called endocarditis
outer layer of the pericardium is called parietal pericardium
The parietal pericardium fits around the heart like a loose fitting sack
contraction of the heart is called systole
relaxation of the heart is called diastole
The two valves the separate the atrial chambers from the ventricles are called AV valves; atrioventricular valves
The valve located between the left atrium and left ventricle is called bicuspid or mitral valve
The valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle is called tricuspid valve
The lub sound is caused by vibration and abrupt closure of the AV valves as the ventricles contract
The second sound is caused by closing of both semilunar valves when the ventricles go through diastole (relax)
This type of circulation involves the blood pumping from the right ventricle to the lungs Pulmonary Circulation
Atheroscelrosis is a type of hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis)
Severe chest pain that occurs when the myocardium is deprived of adequate oxygen angina pectoris
Each complete heart beat is called a _______ _____ and includes the contraction (systole) and relaxation(diastole) of the artia and ventricles Cardiac Cycle
The volume of blood ejected from the ventricles each beat Stroke Volume
The volume of blood pumped by one ventricle per minute Cardiac output
The pacemaker of the heart Sinoatrial (SA) Node
Slow heart rhythm (less than 60 beats per minute) bradycardia
Common type of vascular disease the occludes(blocks) arteries and weakens arterial walls arteriosclerosis
Ateriosclerosis is characterized by thickening of arterial walls that progresses to hardening as calcium deposits form
Atherosclerosis is blockage of arteries by lipids (fats)
Section of artery that is abnormally widened because of weakening of the arterial wall aneurysm
When veins dilate and the distance of flaps of the venous valves widen and become incompetent Vericose Veins
vein inflammation phlebitis
The direct cause of blood pressure is Blood volume (the larger amount of blood the more pressure the blood exerts on the arterial walls causing higher blood pressure)
Lymph is a fluid that is formed in the tissue spaces and is transported by the lymphatic vessels
The two terminal lymphatic vessels right lymphatic duct and thoracic duct
Lymph from 75% of the body drains into Thoracic duct
Enlarged pouchlike structure that serves as a storage area for lymph moving towards its point of entry cisterna chyli
Abnormal condition of tissue swelling from accumulation of lymph Lymphedema
Lymphatic capillaries that transport fats lacteals
Swelling of the lymph nodes lymphadenitis
pharyngeal tonsils are also known as adenoids
Largest lymphoid organ in the body (it sits high in the abdomen) spleen
The body's overall defense system immune system
This exposure is not deliberate and occurs in the course of everyday living Natural Exposure
Immunization is also know as Artificial Exposure
This type of immunity occurs when an individual's own immune system responds to a harmful agent Active Immunity
An antibody molecule combines with a specific compound called antigen
An important way in which antibodies react is a process called complete cascade
Primary cells of the immune system Phagocytes and Lymphocytes
Phagocytes and Lymphocytes contain White blood cells
Lymphocytes (the most numerous calles in the immune system) there are about 1 trillion
It is possible to be stung by a bee and not have a reaction the first time TRUE
A common autoimmune disease Systemic lupus erythematosus; Lupus
The immune system reacts against foreign antigens in grafted tissue causing rejection syndrome
Created by: heathobaggins



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