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MdTerm-Ch2-Terms

HCC145AA - Ch2 - Vocab - Oncology & Body Structure - Myrna - Rio Salado - AZ

QuestionAnswer
adenocarcinoma cancerous tumor composed of glandular tissue
adenoma tumor composed of glandular tissue (benign)
carcinoma cancerous tumor (malignant)
chloroma tumor of green color (malignant, arizing from myeloid tissue)
epithelioma tumor composed of epithelium
fibroma tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
fibrosarcoma malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
leiomyoma tumor of smooth muscle (benign)
leiomyosarcoma malignant tumor of smooth muscle
lipoma tumor composed of fat (benign tumor)
melanocarcinoma cancerious black tumor (malignant)
melanoma black tumor (primarily of the skin)
myoma tumor composed of muscle (benign)
neoplasm new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor)
neuroma tumor composed of nerve (benign)
rhabdomyoma tumor of striated muscle (benign)
rhabdomyosarcoma malignant tumor of striated muscle
sarcoma tumor composed of connective tissue (bone, cartilage) highly malignant
benign not malignant, norecurrent, favorable for recovery
carcinoma in situ cancer in early stage before invading surrounding tissue
liposarcoma malignant tumor composed of fat
chemotherapy (chemo) treatment of cancer with drugs
encapsulated enclosed in a capsule, as with benign tumors
exacerbation increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms
idiopathic pertaining to disease of unknown origin
inflammation response to injury or destruction of tissue - redness, swelling, heat, pain
in vitro within a glass, observable within a test tube
in vivo within the living body
malignant tending to become progressively worse and to cause death, as in cancer
radiation therapy (XRT) treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation
cancerous pertaining to cancer
carcinogen substance that causes cancer
carcinogenic producing cancer
cyanosis Turning blue - inadequate oxygen in blood
cytogenic producing cells
cytoid resembling a cell
cytology study of cells
cytoplasm cell substance
diagnosis (Dx) state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)
dysplasia abnormal development
epithelial pertaining to epithelium
erythrocyte (RBC) red blood cell
erythrocytosis increase in number of red blood cells
etiology study of causes (of diseases)
histology study of tissue
hyperplasia excessive development
hypoplasia incomplete development (of an organ or tissues)
iatrogenic produced by a physician (unexpected result from treatment prescribed by physician)
iatrology study of medicine
karyocyte cell with a nucleus
karyoplasm substance of a nucleus
leukocyte (WBC) white (blood) cell
leukocytosis increase in the number of white (blood) cells
lipoid resembling fat
metastasis/metastases (mets) beyond control (spreading of disease to other organs - malignant tumors)
myopathy disease of the muscle
neopathy new disease
neuroid resembling a nerve
oncogenic causing tumors
oncologist a physician who studies and treats tumors
oncology study of tumors (study of malignant tumors)
pathogenic producing disease
pathologist a physician who studies diseases
pathology study of disease
prognosis (Px) state of before knowledge (prediction of outcome of disease)
somatic pertaining to the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)
somatopathy disease of the body
somatoplasm body substance
Ca carcinoma
chemo chemotherapy
Dx diagnosis
mets metastasis
Px prognosis
RBC red blood cell
RXT radiation therapy
WBC white blood cell
somatogenic arising from physical causes
xanthochromic of a yellow or golden color
xanthosis yellowing - discoloration
Created by: Ladystorm