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Cianci-Mike

Problems of Crime and Order and Classical Economics

QuestionAnswer
Throughout the first sixty years of the 19th century, crime appears to have __________________________ increased slowly but steadily before more or less reaching a plateau.
In 1829, the British Parliament passed legislation sponsored by Sir Robert Peel did what? They placed police on London streets.
What were these police called? Bobbies, or Peelers
What were hulks? Ships where government sent criminals.
What was "transportation"? The British government, instead of capital punishment, would transport criminals to the colony of New Whales in Australia, which they used until the mid-nineteenth century.
Who, in the early nineteenth century, exposed the horrendous conditions in prisons and demanded change? The reformers John Howard and Elizabeth Fry in England and Charles Lucas in France.
What was the new goal of imprisonment? to rehabilitate or transform the criminal.
What was the Auburn System? the prisoners were separated by night but allowed to associate while working during the day.
What was the Philadelphia System? the prisoners were kept rigorously separated from each other at all times.
What did the economists believe the government should do related to the economy? The government should maintain a sound currency, enforce contracts, protect property, impose low tariffs and taxes, and leave the remainder of economic life to private initiative.
What did Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo suggest? That nothing could improve the condition of the working class.
In 1834, what did all of the major German states, except Austria, form? They formed the Zollverein, or free trading union.
What did Jeremy Bentham sought to do? he sought to create codes of scientific law that were founded on the principles of utility(the greatest happiness for the greatest number).
In 1834 what did the House of Commons pass? It passed a new poor law that established the Poor Law Commission that set out to make poverty the most undesirable of all social situations.
The Anti-Corn Law League, organized by manufactures, wanted to do what? it wanted to abolish the tariffs protecting the domestic prices of grain, which would lead to lower food prices?
Created by: Cianci