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HIST 1002 Final

Terms

QuestionAnswer
Cold War notion of competing systems (US and Soviet Union)
Fascism An authoritarian right-wing system of government and social organization, led by dictator, combination of authoritarianism and nationalism, history of backlash against democracy in WWI
Spanish Civil War
NGOs Non-Government Organizations in reference to human rights in the 1970s
Social rights a value of western civilization that was not always implemented by political systems
1968 year of revolution, Paris to Prague (May 1968)
Arendt American reporter present at the trial of Adolf Eichmann who wrote it down and had it eventually turned into Eichmann in Jerusalem
POUM workers party for the Marxist unification
Genocide the killing of a large group of people
Contingency in history WWI is a case study of contingency in history, very powerful people made decisions that led to war; Role of chance in history
Universal Declaration of Human Rights Passed by the UN in 1948
Nuclear Arms Race Both Eastern and Western blocs interested in being better than the other (stockpiles of missiles)
Stalinism originally ideas of communist movement, all about equality & based on democratic impulses
Amnesty International Global human rights organization
Lenin Said we need centralized control to fend off opponents of socialism Authoritarianism
Nazism NSDAP, Hitler promised to restore national greatness & restore 3rd reich-harmony health and putting common good before individual; Anti-Semitism
League of nations intergovernmental organization that ended WWI; resulted from the Paris peace conference, first group to incorporate world peace
Mussolini fascist leader of Italy, part of Axis powers
Bureaucracy non-elected officials that have control over laws and policies
Orwell Englishman in POUM, gave 1st hand account of Spanish Revolution
Decolonization the move away from colonization, process of previously colonized becoming independent
Eichmann German in the Nazi regime in charge of deportation of European Jews to concentration camps; Tried and sentenced in 1961
Anti-semitism Rise of European beliefs about race; Jewish faith defined as “different” in a bad way by communities (stems from Christian anti-Judaism)
WWI 1939-1945; “The Great War,” set the stage for other atrocities to occur, culmination of tension in Europe between Allies and Central Powers; reversed democratic trend
Totalitarianism States strives for complete control over people’s lives (Ex
Banality of evil Coined by Arendt; “evil” actions committed by ordinary people who believed that their actions were normal/routine
“Final Solution” 1941-1945; beliefs leading up to holocaustextermination camps, mobile killing units, racial utopia (Nazis believe it’s a good thing they’re doing)
Moyn Intellectual historian, studying how ideas shape the course of history, putting the concept of human rights into a historical context
Participatory democracy Process where political decisions are made directly by regular people, opposite of a Representative democracy
Nuremberg Trials 1945-1949; Trials that charged crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity
Anarchism political philosophy which holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary, and harmful
CNT National Confederation of Labor; Anarchist/Loyalist revolutionary group, against capitalism and the state
Francisco Franco general in Spanish military, attempted a putsch, won in election but led fascist movement
Russian revolution aftermath of WWI, led to creation of the Soviet Union
WWII 1939-1945, a “total war” of all countries that contained significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare; the deadliest conflict in human history
United Nations an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace *Targeted genocide as a criminal act
National Sovereignty nation is superior to the individuals of which it is composed
Crimes against humanity offenses harshly against human dignity on a large scale, part of government policy
Extermination Camps camps built by Nazi Germany to systematically kill millions of Jews by gassing and extreme work under starvation conditions (genocide)
Created by: jenalee