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PHHS - APHUG: Important vocab for Unit 4 - Political Geography

study of the political organization of the planet political geography
concept of controlling and protecting territory that is yours territoriality
final authority over a territory's political affairs sovereignty
a population that shares a similar culture nation
a politically organized territory that has a sovereign government state
an internal divison of a state State, Province, Canton, Prefecture, etc
stateless nation a nation that does not have a government that represents their interests
nation-state a state that is dominated by a single cultural (ethnic) group
key event leading to the formation of modern states in Europe Norman Invasion of England, 1066
concept of two or more sovereign states uniting for a common purpose supranationalism
organization for international diplomacy; most of the world's sovereign states are members United Nations
organization in Europe to benefit the member countries economically European Union
catergorizing and analyzing countries based on their size, shape, and relative location territorial morphology
country where the distance from the center to all borders is approximately the same compact state
country that is divided up into two or more pieces fragmented state
country that is "stretched"; has a long, thin shape elongated state
country that has an extension, or "arm", off of a compact core prorupt state
country that has a hole in it, caused by another state or physical feature perforated state
state that has no access to an ocean or open sea landlocked state
small outlier of territory separated from a state by the territory of another state exclave
a piece of territory completely surrounded by the territory of one separate sovereign state enclave
a state with a very small land area microstate
step 1 of the boundary creation process; both states argree where the boundary is located definition
step 2 of the boundary creation process; cartographers add the new boundary on maps delimitation
step 3 of the boundary creation process; the boundary is visually indentified on the earth's surface (optional) demarcation
a boundary that is a straight line geometric boundary
a boundary that is formed by a naturally occuring feature physical-political boundary (or natural-political boundary)
a boundary that separates cultural groups cultural-political boundary
a boundary has existed before the present cultural landscape (before modern-day countries) antecedent boundary
a boundary that has changed greatly over time subsequent boundary
a boundary that is laid over top of a single, unified cultural landscape superimposed boundary
a boundary that no longer exists but still affects the culture relict boundary
a boundary dispute over the legal language and interpretation of the boundary definition agreement definitional boundary dispute
a boundary dispute over the delimitation or demarcation of the boundary locational boundary dispute
a boundary dispute over movement across the boundary operational boundary dispute
a boundary dispute over a natural resource located on the boundary allocational boundary dispute
rule by a sovereign power over a foreign people and place colonialism
colonialism where the mother country takes advantage of the colonial territory, mostly for natural resources and other economic gain imperialism
the interaction between countries in relation to where they are located geopolitics
founded by Sir Halford Mackinder; states that control of central Asia was most important to control Eurasia and the world Heartland Theory
founded by Nicholas Spykman; stated that control of the lands on the edge of the Eurasian continent was most important to control Eurasia and the world Rimland Theory
founded by Saul Cohen; stated that geopolitical breakdowns during the Cold War were likely to occur in the edge of Eurasia, or the "Inner Crescent" Shatterbelt Theory
an area that contains a state's major cities, population cluster, economic activity, and transportation infrastructure core area
a state with more than one core area multi-core state
a city where a country's government is located capital
a capital city that is moved to help achieve some type of national objective (often to assert land claims) forward capital
the city that is by far the largest, most powerful, most influential city in a state primate city
a state government type where the central government possess all sovereignty unitary government
a state government type where sovereignty is shared between the central government and the regional governments that make up the state's internal divisions federal government
redistricting for advantage gerrymandering
forces that unite the population of a country centripetal forces
forces that divide the population of a country centrifugal forces
unit that is equal to 1.15 statute (land) miles nautical mile
area of sea adjacent to a country's coast extending 12 nautical miles. All of the country's laws apply territorial sea
area of sea outside of all territorial seas. Admiralty Law is in effect "High Seas" or international waters
area of sea extending 200 nautical miles from a country's coast. That country has rights to all economic activities in this area exclusive economic zone (EEZ)
series of conventions that establish the rules governing modern-day sea boundaries United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
principle used to divide sea territory when two state's EEZs overlap median-line principle
any organization that is made up of several member countries; operates on the principle of supranationalism multi-state organization
when a region in a state wants to break away to form its own state, or join a new state irredentism
process by which a region in a state gains political strength and autonomy at the expense of the central government devolution
a government style where the monarch is supreme and possesses all sovereignty absolute monarchy
a government style where a monarch acts as a figurehead; most power resides within a representative legislature constitutional monarchy
a governmnent style where the people have power; leaders are elected and the economy enjoys a high degree of autonomy free-market democracy
government style where all people are equal and all property is state owned. The government controls all facets of the economy; no free enterprise communism (utilizing a planned economy)
Created by: pdeanna
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