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Muscular System43

What are the Muscular system functions? movement maintain posture respiration production of body heat communication heart beat contraction of organs and vessels
Types of muscles (3) skeletal cardiac smooth
Ablities of Skeletal Muscles (4) Contractility (ablitily to shorten) Excitablitiy (respond to stimulus) Extensibility (ablilty to strench) Elasticity (ablilty to recoil)
Skeletal Muscle Characteristics Makes up 40% of body weight Many named after for bones attached to many nuclei per cell longest of muscles types striated
Skeletal Muscles Structures-Connective Tissues Coverings Layers of dense connective tissues, called fascic, surround and seperate each muscle. This connective tissues extends beyond the ends of the muscle and give rise to tendos that are fused to the periostem of bones
Epimysium or Fascia Connective tissue that surrounds entire skeletal muscle(outside)
Muscle fascicles bundles of muscle fibers
Perimysium Connective tissue around each muscle fascicles
Skeletal Muscle Structures-muscle Fiber Structure A muscle(cell fiber is a single cylindrical fiber with many nuclei \the cell membrane is called the sarcolemma
Sarcoplam cytoplasm of muscle fiber(cell)
T-tubules(transerve) tube-like invaginations, at regular intervals, extend inward, connect sarcolemma to sarcoplasim reticulum
Sarcoplasmic reticulum highlu organized smooth ER, stores and releases Ca+2 ions
Myofibril thread-like structures that extend from one end of muscles fibers to other
Myofibrils (two major kinds) actin, myosin
Actin & myosin are arragned by: highly ordered, repeating units ca;;ed sacromeres (transverse straiations)
Actin thin myofilament,resemble 2 strands of perals
Troponin attachment site on actin for ca+2
tropomyosin filament on grooves of actin, attachment site on actin for myosin
myosin thick myofilament,resemble golf club with myosin heads can bind to actin bend/staighten, use atp
saromere dmsllrdy portions of muscles able to contract, contains actin and myosin. each saromere extend from one Z disk to the next Z disk
Z disk attachment site fo actin arragement of actin and myosin(overlaps) give myofibiril braided or straited aperaance
H zone center of sarcomere, contains only myosin
I band contains only actin
A band where atctin and myosin overlkap
M line where myosin are anchored
Muscle fibers hvae electrial propers inside cell membrance s negatively chraged compared to outside membrane is polarized resting membrane potentila is the charge difference occurs due to an uneve distribution of ions across the cell membrane
Created by: kjv2



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