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Respiratory System

Disorders

QuestionAnswer
What is the result of ALL Respiratory Disorders? Hypoxia
What is Hypoxia? tissue O2 Deficit
What are 4 example of Alveolar dysfunction? 1. Pneumonia; 2. Emphysema; 3. Tuberculosis; 4. Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
What is the cause of Pneumonia? Fluid and WBC infiltration into Alveoli
What causes Emphysema? age, smoking
What is Emphysema? consolidation of Alveoli (reduced Surface Area) & lost Elasticity
What is Tuberculosis? Bacterial Infection causing FIBROSIS of Lung Tissue
What is Fibrosis? THICKENING of Lung Tissue
What is Respiratory Distress Syndrome? COLLAPSE of Alveoli at BIRTH - due to low Surfactant
Impairment of Alveolar function usually stem from where? UPPER Respiratory Infection
What are 3 Examples of impairment of other Respiratory Structures? 1. Asthma; 2. Pleuritis (pleurisy); 3. Pneumothorax
What is Asthma? Allergic CONSTRICTION of the Bronchioles
What is Pleuritis and can it be cured? Inflammation of the Pleura (infection of membrane) - Antibiotics cure
What is Pneumothorax? a HOLE into the Chest Cavity - from OUTSIDE penetration --> Lungs Collapse
What is an example of impairment of Pulmonary Circulation? Pulmonary Edema
What is Pulmonary Edema? SWELLING from Fluid accumulation in the Alveoli
What causes Pulmonary Edema? weak LEFT Ventricle and HIGH Pulmonary Blood Pressure
Created by: kristel387