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Karen's Cardio Test

Ch. 11 Cardiovascular Language of Medicine

QuestionAnswer
The heart is often referred to as the same size as a(n)... Adult Fist
The Largest artery in the body Aorta
What is the name for the smallest arteries Arterioles
The vessels that lead blood away from the heart Arteries
Thinner walled vessels compared to arteries Veins
Vessels that move deoxygenated blood toward the heart from tissues Veins
Smallest blood vessels Capillaries
Blood vessels that form the poing of oxygen and nutrients into body cells and waste products coming from body cells Capillaries
Smallest Veins Venules
Blood vessels that are thick walled to withstand the pressure of the pumping heart Arteries
Flow of blood from the heart to tissue capillaries and back to the heart Systemic Circulation
There are ______ Chambers in the heart 4
Chamber of heart of thickest wall ( for sending blood to the rest of body) Left Ventricle
How many layers of the heart are there? 3
Layer of heart; Inner most inside of heart and valves Endocardium
Middle muscular (thickest) layer of heart;smooth muscle; Myocardium
Double membrane layer surrounding heart; Fibrous Pericardium
Cavity that lies between visceral and parietal pericardia Pericardial Cavity
Valves are meant to keep blood flowing in how many directions 1
Flaps of the valves Cusps
Valve located between right atrium and right ventricle Tricuspid
Valve between right venticle and pulmonary artery Pulmonary
Valve located between left atrium and left ventricle Mitral
Valve between left atrium and Aorta Aortic
What large vein carries blood from the lower part of the body to the heart Inferior Vena Cava
What large vein carries blood from the Upper portion of the body to the heart Superior Vena Cava
Abbr: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm AAA
Abbr: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ACE Inhibitor
Abbr: Advanced Cardiac Life Support ACLS
Abbr: Automatic external defibrillator AED
Abbr: Atrial fibrillation A-Fib
Abbr: Atrioventricular AV
Abbr: Blood Pressure BP
Abbr: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting CABG
Abbr: Coronary Artery Disease CAD
Deoxygenated blood enters ______ ________ of the heart and travels to ______ ____________ Right Atrium Right Ventricle
Blood coming from the right ventricle travels to the _______ via the pulmonary ________ and then it returns to the heart Lungs artery
Relaxation phase of the heartbeat;Blood flows in Diastole
Contraction phase of heart; Left ventricle squeezing hard to push blood out Systole
Abnormal heart sound cause by improper valve closure(swishing); Extra heart sound heard between normal beats Murmur
Pacemaker of heart; sets rhythm for the rest of the heart Sinoartial Node (SA Node)
what letters are used to label the waves seen in a normal EKG PQRST
How many types of heart arrhythmias (dysrhythmias) are there 3
Cardiac arrhythmia known as heartblock atrioventricular block
Whats another name for abnormal heart rhythm arrhythmia (dysrhythmias)
Name 3 types of Arrhythmias (Dysrhythmias) Heart block flutter fibrillation
Term for heart defect present at birth Congenital Heart Disease
Disease involving heart not blood vessels; condition in which the heart is unable to pump the required amount of blood Congestive Heart Failure
Decrease in blood flow Ischemia
Referes to when the heart tissues starts dying Necrosis
Name the disease of the arteries surrounding the heart. Coronary Artery Disease
Term that refers to inflamed inner lining of the heart cause by bacteria; vegetations Endocarditis
Aneurysm, Deep Vein thrombosis, Hypertension, Peripherial Vascular Disease, Raynaud disease, and Vericose Veins specifically affect these Blood Vessels
Lab test; Peptide in blood BNP Test
Lab Test; Cholesterol and Triglycerides Lipid Test Profile
Treatment that uses electricity to remove lipid products from the blood. Lipoprotein Electrophoresis
Lab Test; Checking for evidence of enzymes after a heart attack Serum Enzyme Test
Angiography/Arteriography; Computerized Tomography Angiography; Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA); Electron Beam computed tomography (EBCT or EBT); These are all dx xray procedures that focus on that focus on _______ _________ themselves Blood Vessels
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan; Technetium (Tc) 99m Sestamibi scan (Cardiolite); Thallium-201 scan; MRI; These Dx Procedures can also be used on which organ Heart
Which Clinical treatment is non invasive? A.Endarterectomy B.Extracorporeal circulation C. Heart Transplantation D. Cardioversion (defibrillation) E Heart transplantation F Thrombolytic Therapy Cardioversion
What open heart operation replaces clogged vessels in order to treat CAD;moving around a blocked vessel Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Abbr: Coronary Care Unit CCU
Abbr: catherization, catheter cath
Abbr:Congestive Heart Failure CHF
Abbr: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation CPR
Abbr: Deep Vein Thrombosis DVT
Abbr: Electrocardiography ECG, EKG
Abbr: Echocardiography ECHO
Abbr: High-Density Lipoprotein HDL
Abbr: Hypertension HTN
Abbr: Low-Density lipoprotein LDL
Abbr: Myocardial Infarction MI
Abbr: Mitral Valve Prolapse MVP
Created by: BeckiiBabii