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westwork a monumental western front to a church, treated as a tower or towers containing an entrance and vestibule below and a chapel above.
tumulus Archaeology . an artificial mound, especially over a grave; barrow.
Mozarabic of or pertaining to a style of Spanish church architecture produced from the 9th to the 15th centuries and characterized chiefly by the horseshoe arch.
repousse raised in relief by hammering on the reverse side.
vellum calfskin, lambskin, kidskin, etc., treated for use as a writing surface.
fibula a clasp or brooch, often ornamented, used by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
Cloisonne enamelwork in which colored areas are separated by thin metal bands fixed edgewise to the ground.
psalter the Biblical book of Psalms.
lectionary a book or a list of lections for reading in a divine service.
zxoomorphic of or pertaining to a deity or other being conceived of as having the form of an animal.
altermate support system not all of the posts react and support the ceiling
scriptorium room, as in a monastery, library, or other institution, where manuscripts are stored, read, or copied.
ambulatory moving about or from place to place; not stationary: an ambulatory tribe.
martyr a person who willingly suffers death rather than renounce his or her religion
strip butress Flying buttress: An external masonry support, found primarily in Gothic churches, that carries the thrust of the ceiling or vault away from the upper walls of the building to an external vertical column
romanesque noting or pertaining to the style of architecture prevailing in western or southern Europe from the 9th through the 12th centuries, characterized by heavy masonry construction.
feudalism the political, military, and social system in the Middle Ages, based on the holding of lands in fief or fee and on the resulting relations between lord and vassal.
historiated capital A capital which is decorated with figures of animals, birds, or humans,
manor a landed estate or territorial unit, originally of the nature of a feudal lordship, consisting of a lord's demesne and of lands within which he has the right to exercise certain privileges, exact certain fees, etc.
hall church a Romanesque church in which the side aisles are equally high as the nave, and which has no clerestory, making the space rather dark.
radiating chapels Chapels projecting radially from the curve of an ambulatory or rarely of an apse.
campanile bell tower, especially one freestanding from the body of a church.
vassals a person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other superior; feudal tenant.
transverse arches supporting arch or rib that runs across a vault from side to side, dividing the bays.
engaged collum a column embedded in a wall and partly projecting from the surface of the wall
Groin Vault vault or ceiling created by the intersection of vaults.
cloister a courtyard, especially in a religious institution, bordered with such walks.
trummeau a column supporting a tympanum of a doorway at its center.
jambs either of the vertical sides of a doorway, arch, window, or other opening.
transverse barrel vault A vault in which each bay consists of a barrel or tunnel
flying butress The characteristic of a flying buttress is that the buttress is not in contact with the wall all the way to the ground
rib vault The intersection of two or three barrel vaults produces a rib vault or ribbed vault when they are edged with an armature of piped masonry
quatrefoil general four-lobed shapes in various contexts.
historiated crucifix a crucifix with narrative scenes flanking the corpus.
pointed arch an arch having a pointed apex.
ogee arch an arch that curevs up to a point
pinnacle a relatively small, upright structure, commonly terminating in a gable, a pyramid, or a cone, rising above the roof or coping of a building, or capping a tower, buttress, or other projecting architectural member.
triforium the center section under the clerestory and above the nave arcade
flashing Building Trades . pieces of sheet metal or the like used to cover and protect certain joints and angles, as where a roof comes in contact with a wall or chimney, especially against leakage.
battlement a cresting
divine comedy an epic poem written by Dante Alighieri between 1308 and his death in 1321. It is widely considered the preeminent work of Italian literature.
Created by: 1346708092