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Digestive System V

Digestive System Vocabulary

The movement of the digested material across the intestinal wall into the blood stream. Absorption
The digestive tract from mouth to anus. Alimentary canal
an enzyme secreted by the salivary glands that breaks down starch which begins the chemical digestion of food. amylase
Ground up food is mixed with this by the tongue and digestion begins amylase
functions to emulsify fats which means fats are broken into smaller droplets to make easier for enzymes to digest them bile
largest part of the stomach and called the "J" curve body
to break down carbohydrates such as starches and sugars into saccharides ex. pancreatic amylase carbohydrase
first part of the stomach where the esophagus deposits food cardia
this is the phase where the sights, smell, taste, and thought of food triggers the release of gastric secretions. These sensations stimulate the central nervous system, which causes the secretions. This prepares the stomach to receive food celiac phase
stiimulates production of pancreatic enzymes, the contraction of the gallbladder, and inhibits gastric secretion cholecystokinin
partially digested food from the stomach chyme
the gallbladder cystic
removal of undigested waste products by compacting and discharging the waste as feces defecation
a flap that moves between the esophagus and the trachea epiglottis
carries food to the stomach esophagus
indigestible material to be eliminated feces
small (usually green) pouch located under one of the lobes of the liver gallbladder
stimulates the release of insulin by the Islets of Langerhands (pancreas) and inhibits gastric secretions gastric inhibitory peptide
this phase begins with the arrival of food into the stomach. The stomach is stimulated to stretch and begin contracting to mix and break down food gastric phase
stimulates the production of acids and enzymes gastrin
refers to the liver hepatic
the functional unit in the liver hepatocyte
this phase controls the rate at which the stomach will empty food intestinal phase
another name for the pancreas Islets of Langerhans
breaks down fats (lipids) lipase
produces bile liver
to break down nucleic acids into nucleotides, etc. ex. Pancreatic lipase nuclease
lies horizontally across the upper abdominal cavity. it secrets insulin pancreas
the process through which indigested food are propelled through the digestive tract peristalsis
to break down proteins into amino acids ex. Trypsin, Chymotrypsin, and carboxypeptidase protease
end of the stomach that connects to the duodenum which is the first part of the small intestines pylorus
secrete the digestive enzyme, amylase, which begins the breakdown or digestion of start salivary gland
stimulates the production of alkaline buffers, inhibits gastric secretions, and increases bile secretion secretin
occurs in the small intestines where small portion of churned, digested materials are propelled through the tract segmentation
Created by: brandon_kyle10