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French Revolution

The French revolution

QuestionAnswer
Made up of the French Catholic Church. They were exempt from taxes and instead paid a "free gift", which was always lower than direct taxes, to the state. The First Estate
Made up of the nobility of France. Like the clergy they were a privileged order and exempt from most taxes. The Second Estate
Those of the second estate who enjoyed the most prestige. They were families who could trace their lineage back to times immemorial. nobles of the race
Nobles of the race whose ancestors were officers in the kings army. nobles of the sword
A new nobility created in order by the monarchy to obtain money, reward favorites, and weaken the old nobility. Among their ranks included many former bourgeoisie. nobles of the robe
The high law courts. parlements
King of France from 1643 to 1715, he did not actually take charge of France until 1661.His reign is considered the most one of the clearest displays of absolutism. Louis XIV
Made up of the bourgeoisie, the peasants, and urban laborers. Unlike the nobility and the clergy taxes were milked from the third estate and the privileges of the nobility were not provided for them. The third Estate
To pass judgement on the legality of royal edicts before registering them. To remonstrate
A solemn ceremony in which the monarch appeared before the court. lit de justice
the nationally representative assembly that only the French kings could summon. Estates General
Each Estate's list of grievances and suggestions. cahiers de doleances
The date the third Estate declares itself the national assembly. June 17, 1789
Took place on June 20, 1789. The national assembly met at a nearby tennis court when they found their customary meeting hall locked. They vowed not to disband until a constitution was drawn up for the entire nation. The Tennis Court Oath
The date that the Estates General convened at Versailles. May 5, 1789
Nicknamed Madame Deficit for her er extravagant spending habits. She was queen of France and Wife to Louis XVI. Mary Antoinette
King of France from 1774 to 1792. Was executed in the January of 1793. Louis XVI
The date of the Storming of Bastille. July 14, 1789
A peasant upheaval that took place from the end of July to early August in 1798. The Great Fear
The date that the National assembly abolished feudal privileges. August 4,1789
On October 5, 1789 Parisian housewives marched 12 miles to Versailles to protest the lack of bread to the national assembly and the king. October days
A term for small shopkeepers, artisans and wage-earners. sans-culottes
The date that the Royal family fled Paris. June 1791
Nobles who had left revolutionary France and were organizing a counter revolutionary army. emigres
The date of the abolition of monarchy and declaration of a republic. September 21-22,1792
The date that Louis XVI is executed. January, 1793
A law decreed by the Jacobins that put fixed prices on bread and other essential goods and raised wages. Law of the Maximum
A Jacobin leader nicknamed "the incorruptible" for his integrity and commitment to republican democracy.His desire to make France a "Republic of Virtue" led him to guillotine over 40,000 "enemies" of the republic and was eventually executed himself. Maximilien Robespierre
The date that 80,000 armed sans-culottes surrounded the Convention and demanded the arrest of Girondin delegates allowing the Jacobins to gain control of the government. June 2, 1793
sans-culotte leaders enrages
The date Robespierre is executed. July 27, 1794
A temporary dictatorial reign imposed by Robespierre and his supporters, during which over 40,000 "enemies" of the republic perished. Reign of Terror
The new leadership of France after the fall of Robespierre until the end of 1795. Thermidoreans
The new republican government as of the end of 1795 burdened by war, a failing economy, and internal unrest. Eventually one French general, Napoleon Bonaparte, seized control of the government. Directory
The date Napoleon seizes power of the French government. November 1799
Created by: rahn