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ch13 study guide

Propaganda material designed to spread certain beliefs
European Union an economic and political grouping of countries in WEstern Europe
Private property rights the right of individuals to own land or industry
Court of Human Rights the Council of Europe's court that protects the rights of all citizens in whichever of its member countries they live
Duma one of the two houses of the Russian legislater
Parliamentary Republic a republic whose head of the government, usually a prime minister, is the leader of the political party that has the most members in the parliment
"The Thaw" the time of less tension between the United States and the Soviet Union
Standard of living measure of quality of life
Alexander Dubcek tried to gain more freedom for Czechoslovakia and more contact with Western Europe; the Soviets crushed this plan
Detente a relaxing of tensions between nations
Tariff a fee or duty imposed by a government on imported or exported goods
Mikhail Gorbachev leader or the Soviet Union when it collapsed
Ethnic cleansing the organized killing of members of an ethnic group or groups
Currency Money used as a form of exchange
Euro the common unit of currancy used by members of the European Union
Coalition Government when small political parties have joined forces to work together to form a goverment
Deposed removed from power
What are some of the things that the Soviet government did to its people? -outlawed cultural celebrations, destroyed churched, killed religious leaders, and disallowed certain languages. -they also controlled the media so that the people couldn't learn about the world around them
Why didn't the Soviet Union have any money to spend on its citizen? it had been spending too much money on its athletes, armed forces, nuclear weapons, and its space program
Who owned everything in the Soviet Union? the government
How has life improved for the people of Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union? they now live in a free market economy, they can elect their own leaders, increased freedom of speech and religion, they can own businesses, and have personal wealth
What problems do the people of Russia still face? leadera were dishonest, pollution, poverty, wealth has gone to a select few individuals, increased crime rate and warfare
Why is fishing an important industry in Russia? They have access to the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans
Why did many members of the Warsaw Pact want to join NATO? with the Warsaw Pact dissolved, these tiny nations needed big allies
What are some of the things that Russia produces? oil, lumber and steel
Why did the Serbs in Yugoslavia want to kill the Muslims? Because the Serbs were trying to gain a majority over the muslims in Yugoslavia
How is the EU helping countries of Eastern Europe? By helping them raise their environmental standards.
How did the Soviet government maintain control over its people in the 1950's and 60's? It attempted to eliminate ethnic identity by prohibiting cultural celebrations and holidays, regional languages, and religious practices.
How did the Soviet government maintain control over its people in the 1950's and 60's? The government restricted information to the population by controlling communications media, and discouraged disagreements by punishing, imprsoning, or executing dissidents. The government also owned and directed all aspects of the economy.
Created by: bdesutter