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Ch12 Digestive Sys

Ch-12 The Digestive System-Medical Terminology-C. Edward Colli

Two root words for abdomen? abdomin/o, lapar/o
Root word for cheek? bucc/o
Root word for lip? cheil/o
Root word for bile, gall? chol/e, chol/o
Root word for bile duct? cholangi/o
Root word for gallbladder? cholecyst/o
Root word for common bile duct? choledoch/o
Root word for colon? col/o, colon/o
Root word for teeth? dent/i, dent/o
Root word for duodenum? duoden/o
Suffix for vomit? -emesis
Root word for intestine? enter/o
Root word for esophagus? esophag/o
Root word for stomach? gastr/o
Root word for gums? gingiv/o
Root word for tongue? gloss/o
Root word for liver? hepat/o
Root word for ileum? ile/o
Root word for jejunum? jejun/o
Suffix for stone? -lith
Root word for pancreas? pancreat/o
Suffix word for digestion? -pepsia
Root word for eating, swallowing? phago/o
Suffix means to eat or swallow? -phagia
Two root words for anus or rectum? proct/o, rect/o
Root word for pylorus? pylor/o
Root word for salivary glands? sial/o
Root word for sigmoid colon? sigmoid/o
Root word for mouth? stomat/o
What are the two specialists concerned with most aspects of the digestive system? gastroenterologists, proctologists
The digestive system is composed of a continuous tract beginning with the oral cavity and ending at the anus. This tract, called the ______ or the _______ tract. alimentary canal, gastrointestinal(GI)
Digestion begins in the oral cavity where food is broken apart by ________. mastication
What is the small mass of masticated food called? bolus
The esophagus, a collapsible tube, lubricates the food with mucus and moves it into the stomach by ____________. peristalsis (wave-like muscular contractions).
The _________ is also called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). It is a ring-like muscle that controls food flow from the esophagus into the stomach. cardiac sphincter (“ cardiac” because of its proxim-ity to the heart)
After 3 or 4 hours, the content of the stomach, which by this stage is a liquid called _____________. chyme (pronounced kyme)
Chyme passes through the ______,a muscle at the distal end of the stomach, and into the _________. pyloric sphincter, duodenum
The small intestine is divided into three parts: the _______ ,____ , and ______. duodenum,jejunum,ileum
The ________ controls the flow from the ileum into the _______ , the first part of the large intestine. ileocecal sphincter(ile/o means “ileum”; cecal is the adjective form of cecum), cecum
The large intestine extends from the distal portion of the ileum to the anus. It is divided into three parts: the ______, ________, _______. cecum, colon, rectum
The colon is subdivided into four parts: the _______, _________, _________, and __________. ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, and sigmoid colon.
What are the accessory organs of the digestive system? salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
Once bile is produced in the liver, it travels down the ________ to the gallbladder for storage. common bile duct
What two other terms for gallbladder? cholecystis, cholecyst
Created by: yahyalab



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