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political culture the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms about how citizens relate to governments and to one another
social culture democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise, and respect for differences, which grow out of participation in voluntary organizations
natural rights the rights of all people to dignity and worth; also called human rights
democratic consensus widespread agreement on fundamental principles of democratic governance and the values the values that undergird them
majority rule governance according to the expressed preferences of the majority
popular soverignty a belief that ultimate power resides in the people
american dream the widespread belief that the united states is a land of opportunity and that individual initiative and hard work can bring economic success
capitalism an economic system characterized by private property, competitive markets, economic incentives, and limited government involvement in the production, distibution, and pricing of goods and services
suffrage the right to vote
monopoly domination of an industry by a single company that fixes prices and discourages competition; also, the company that dominates the industry by these means
antitrust legistlation federal laws (starting with the Sherman Act of 1890) that tried to prevent a monopoly from dominating an industry and restraining trade
political ideology a consistent pattern of beliefs about political values and the role of government
liberalism a belief that government can and should achieve justice and equality of opportunity
conservatism a belief that limited government insures order competitive markets and personal opportunity
socialism an economic and governmental system based on public based on public ownership of the means of production and exchange
libertarianism an ideology that cherishes indivdual liberty and insists on minimal government, promoting a free market economy, a noninterventionist foreign polic, and an absense of regulation in moral, economic, and social life
environmentalism an ideology that is dominated by concern for the environment but also promotes grassroots democracy, social justice, equal opportunity, nonviolence, respect for diversity, and feminism
Created by: 1187781928