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Digestive Syste

Digestive related words

QuestionAnswer
ascites abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
diarrhea frequent discharge of liquid stool
dysentery inflammation of the intestines associated with diarrhea and abdominal pain
feces waste from the digestive tract expelled through the rectum (aka bowl movement/stool)
flatus gas in the digestive tract or expelled through the anus
gavage process of feeding a person through a nasogastric tube
gastric lavage washing out of the stomach
nausea urge to vomit
vomit matter expelled from the stomach through the mouth
lower GI series series of x-ray films taken of the large intestine after a barium enema has been administered (aka. barium enema)
upper GI series series of x-ray films taken of the stomach and duodenum after barium has been swallowed
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) radiographic (x-ray) examination of the bile and pancreatic ducts using contrast medium, fluoroscopy, and endoscopy
abdominalperineal resection removal of the colon and rectum
anastomosis surgical connection between two normally distinct structures
vagotomy cutting of certain branches of vagus nerve, performed with gastric surgery to reduce the amount of gastric acid produced and thus reduce the recurrence of ulcers
adhesion abnormal growing together of two surfaces that normally are separated.
anorexia nervosa psychoneurotic disorder characterized by a prolonged refusal to eat eat, resulting in emaciation, amenorrhea, and abnormal fear of becoming obese
bulimia gorging with food then inducing vomiting
cirrhosis chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells, most commonly caused by alcholism
Crohn's disease chronic inflammation usually affecting the ileum and sometimes the colon, characterized by cobblestones ulcerations along the intestinal wall and formation of scar tissue=> obstruction. AKA regional ileitis or regional enteritis
ileus obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis
intussusception telescoping of a segment of the intestine
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) periodic disturbances of bowel function (diarrhea and/or constipation) usually associated with abdominal pain
polyp tumor-like growth extending outward from a mucous membrane. Usually benign, common sites are the nose, throat, and intestines.
ulcerative colitis inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers. Main symptom is diarrhea: 15-29 stools per day. An ileostomy may be performed to attempt to cure condition.
volvulus twisting or kinking of the intestine, causing intestinal obstruction
proctoptosis prolapse of the rectum
sialolith salivary stone
sialolith salivary stone
rectocele protrusion of the rectum
rectocele protrusion of the rectum
choledocholithotripsy surgical crushing of a stone in the common bile duct
choledocholithotripsy surgical crushing of a stone in the common bile duct
Created by: 51600302