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Respiratory System R

Coder's Respiratory System Review for Karen's Class

What is the exchange of air at the lungs called? External Respiration
What strained, high-pitched, relatively loud sound is made on inspiration: This is also associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea Stridor
Which lung has more lobes? Right
What abnormal condition is caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection and bronchitis? Pneumoconiosis
What is another name for the nostrils? Nares
What procedure is performed with a stethoscope and is used chiefly for diagnosing conditions of the lungs, heart, pleura, and abdomen? Auscultation
What acts as a lid over the opening of the larynx? Epiglottis
What disorder involves acute inflammation of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction? Pneumonia
What is another name for inspiration? Inhalation
Exchange of air in the lung capillaries External respiration
How much O2 does inhaled air contain? 21%-22%
How much O2 is in exhaled air? 16%
Where does air travel after passing through the nares? Nasal Cavity
Collection of lymphatic tissue located in the nasopharynx Adenoids
Voice box; contains vocal cords and is surrounded by pieces of cartilage for support Larynx
Also know as bronchi; These are 2 branches that the trachea divides into in region of mediastinum Bronchial Tubes
Every terminal bronchiole narrows into alveolar ducts which end in collecions of air saces called what? Alveoli
The right lung has how many lobes? 3
The left lung has how many lobes? 2
Diaphragm conracts and descends (down) in which phase of respiration? Inhalation
Diaphragm relaxes and elevates (up) making the thoracic cavity smaller Exhalation
What disorder involves chronic dilation of bronchus secondary to infection in the lower lobes of the lung? Bronchiectasis
What part of the pharynx serves as a common passageway for food from the mouth and air from the nose? Laryngopharynx
What disorder involves formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs? Pulmonary fibrosis
What is another name for Bronchi Bronchial tubes
What material is expelled fromt he bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting? Sputum
What is internal respiration? Exhange of gases in the cells
Collection of air int he pleural space pneumothorax
Midline region of the lung in which blood vessels, nerves, lymphatic tissue, and bronchial tubes enter and exit Hilum
Nosebleed Epistaxis
Throat Pharynx
Large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs Pulmonary Abscess
Outer layer of pleura; lies near the ribs Parietal pleura
Disorder involving inflammation of the bronchi over a long time Chronic Bronchitis
Surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck Tracheostomy
Respiration involving oxygen passing out of the bloodstream and into tissue cells Internal Respiration
Test involving growing sputum in a nutrient medium to detect the presence of a pathogen Sputum Culture
Muscular Partition separating the thoracic and abdominal cavity; aids in process of breathing Diaphragm
Condition involving hyper inflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar wall Emphysema
Another name for Adenoids Pharyngeal tonsils
Surgical puncture made to remove fluid from the pleural space Thoracentesis
Acute Viral infection occurs in infants and children and is characterized by an obstruction of the larynx? Croup
Air sacs in the lung Alveoli
Viscus fluid excreted by mucous membrane and glands consisting of mucin, leukocytes, organic salts, water, and epithelial cells Mucus
Another name for Pleuritis Pleurisy
Loud rumbling sound heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum Rhonchi
Test measuring the ventilation mechanic of the lung (eg. airway function, lung volume, and capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently) Pulmonary Function Test
Swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles Pulmonary Edema
Double-folded membrane covering each lung Pleura
Chronic inflammatory disorder has airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production Asthma
Three divisions of pharynx Nasopharynx Oropharynx Laryngopharynx
Another name for Bronchial washing Bronchioalveolar lavage
Continuous high-pitched whistling sound is heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiration Wheezing
Upper most part of the lung Apex
Condition that involves incomplete expansion of alveoili Atelectasis
Adam's Apple refers to Thyroid Cartilage
Test involving injection of radioactive substances so that images reveal metabolic activity in the lung PET scan of lung
scratchy sound is produced by the motion of inflamed or irritated pleural surfaces against each other Pleural rub
Another name for Windpipe Trachea
Disorder involving a rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura and is associated with asbestos exposure Mesothelioma
Thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract Cilia
Lower portion of the lung Base
Branches of the trachea leading into the lungs Bronchi
Small branches of the tubes leading into the lungs Branchioles
One of a pair of masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx palatine tonsils
Slit-like opening to the voice box Glottis
Region between the lungs in the thoracic cavity Mediastinum
One of the air cavities in the bones near the nose Paranasal Sinus
Division of the lung Lobe of lung
Pus in the pleural cavity Empyema
Condition of fluids in tissues Edema
Infectious disease of the throat and upper respiratory tract; caused by bacteria Diphtheria
Gas that passes into bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells Oxygen
Space between the double-folded membrand surrounding each lung Pleural Cavity
Inner fold of membrane surround each lung and closest to the lung tissue Visceral Pleura
Essential parts of the lung responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli Pulmonary Parenchyma
Gas that is exhaled through the lungs Carbon Dioxide
Process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing Respiration
Pleura that lines thoracic cavity Parietal Pleura
Tonsils located in the larygopharynx Lingual
A disease of the lungs in which the walls of the alveoli lose elasticity and remain filled causing increast chest size (barrel-chested) Emphysema
Difficult expiration caused by spasms in the muscles surrounding the bronchioles, often caused by allergic reactions Asthma
Oxygen deficiency Hypoxia
Secondary bronchi branch into smaller tubes called Bronchioles
The cavities inside the frontal, maxillary, shpenoid, & ethmoid bones that drain into nasal cavities are called Sinuses
Exchange of oxygen from blood to cells is called Internal Respiration
The exchange of oxygen from air to blood is called External Respiration
The machine used to measure breathing volume is called Spirometer
The Maximun breathing volume (usually approx. 4800 ml) is called Vital Capacity
The Membrane that lines the tubes in the respiratory sytem is called the Respiratory Mucosa
Millions of tiny sacs that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide are called Alveoli
Portion of the larynx that closes during swalling Epiglottis
Portion of the pharynx that is directly behind the mouth oropharynx
Substance that coats the inside of the alveoli is called Surfactant
Tonsils of the oropharynx Pallatine Tonsils
The tubes that equalize pressure on the side of the ear drum are the Eustachian tubes
Tonsils contain what type of tissue? Lymphatic
The wall that divides the nasal cavities is called Septum
Stridor occurs in which upper respiratory disorder Croup
Bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing and cough Asthma
Material is expelled form the lungs Expectoration
Localized area of pus formation in the lungs Pulmonary Abscess
Spitting up of blood from the lungs... Hemoptysis
Tube placed through the mouth to the trachea to esablish an airway Endotracheal Intubation
PPD Tuberculin test
Endoscopic examination of the bronchi Bronchoscopy
High carbon dioxide levels in the blood Hypercapnia
Nasopharyngeal lymphatic tissue Adenoids
Removal of the voicebox Laryngectomy
Phren/o means Diaphragm
Type of pneumoconiosis Asbestosis
Breathing is easier in an upright position Orthopnea
Collection of pus in the pleural cavity Pyothorax
Sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest Percussion
Chronic inflammatory disease of unkonwn cause in which small nodules or tubercules develop in the lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs Sarcoidosis
Abnormal accumulation of fluid int he pleural space Pleural Effusion
Artificial production of adhesions between the parietal and visceral pleura for treatment of persistent pneumothorax and severe pleural effusion-accomplished by using talc powder or drugs, such as antibiotics Pleurodesis
Air gathering in the Pleural Cavity Pneumothorax
Magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in frontal, lateral, and cross-sectional (axial) planes MRI
Removal of lung tissue follow by microscopic examination Lung Biopsy
Removal of fluid from pleural space cavity Thoracentesis
Chest tube is passed through an opening in the skin of the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion Tube Thoracostomy
Created by: BeckiiBabii



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