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Cianci- Burns

Europe at War - end of chapter

QuestionAnswer
Irish-born writer and British statesman; told of his position in " Reflection on the Revolution in France" Edmund Burke (1729-1799)
hero of American Revolution; composed "The Rights of Man" (1791-92) in response to Burke in defense of the revolutionary principles Thomas Pain
prime minister who had unsuccessfully supported moderate reform of Parliament during 1780s; turned against reform and popular movements William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806)
suppressed by the government; founded in 1792 as a working-class reform group London Corresponding Society
famous chemist and radical political thinker; government sponsered mob action to drive him out of the country Joseph Priestly (1733-1804)
group of nobles; issued a new constitution that said monarch had to be elected, provided for real executive authority in the monarch, established a new bicameral diet, and eliminate liberum veto Polish Patriots
promised to defend the new Polish constitutional order because he believed stronger Poland was good for Prussia Frederick William II of Prussia
understood that a reformed Poland state would diminish Russian influence on Poland and eastern Europe Catherine the Great of Russia
conservative Polish nobles who opposed the reforms invited Russia to restore old order (date) April 1792
led reformist Polish forces that were defeated by Russia; verteran of American Revolution Tadeusz Kosciuszko
November 1792, delared it would aid all who wished to cast off aristocratic and monarchial oppression; proclaimed the Scheldt River in Netherlands open to commerce of all nations, thus violating a treaty between Great Britain and Holland and Austria Convention
What did the Convention have? its own declaration of hostilities against Britain in February 1793
Jacobins began to direct the French Government, the French ntion at war with Austria, Prussia, Great Britain, Spain, Sardinia, and Holland (date) April 1793
actions to protect the revolution and silence dissent Reign of Terror
convention established them to carry out executive duties of the government; leaders of one were republicans Committee of Public Safety (CPS) and Committee of General Security
Parisian sans-culottes invaded the Convention and successfully demanded theexpulsion of the Girondist members; further radicalized the Convention, gave Mountain complete control (date) June 1793
military requistition on the entire population conscripting males into the army and directing economic production to military purposes Levee en Masse
member of CPS in charge of miitary; issued Levee en Masse Lazare Carnut (1753-1823)
emerged as dominant figure on the CPS by 1793; Jacobin Club provided hisprimary forum and base of power; opposed the war in 1792, scared it might aid the monarchy Maximiliun de Robespierre (1758-1794)
founded Societyof Revolutionary Republican Women whose purpose was to fight the eternal enemies of revolution; Jacobin leaders welcomed the organization Pauline Leon and Clair Lacombe, May 1793
author ofthe Declaration of the Rights of WOmen;opposed the Terror and accused Jacobins of corruption; guillotined in November of 1793 Olympe de Gouges
Convention decreed the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris to be a "Temple of Reason" (date) November 1793
Terror of the revolutionry tribunals systemized and channeled the popular resentment that had manifested itself Septmber Massacres of 1792
first victims of the Terror; executed October 1793 Marie Antionette, Girondist politicians
most prominent republican in Convention; accused of being insufficiently militant on the war; executed April 1794 Jaques Danton (1759-1794)
Robespierresecured passage of the Law of 22 Pririal (date) June 10, 1794
tempering of Revolution; consisted of destruction of machinery of terror and establishment of a new cnstituional regime; result of radical feelings towards revoluion Thermidorian Reaction
outlawed; its leaders and deputies on mission were executed Paris Commune
"bands of Jesus" dragged suspected terrorists from prisons and murdered them Toulon, Lyons, Marseilles
new constituion; revival of Catholis Worship Results of Thermidorian Reaction
replacedconstitution of 1793; reflected Thermidorian determination to reject monarch and democracy Constitution of the Year III
had members that were men over 40 that were married or widowers Council of Elders
consisted of men over 30 that were married or single; executive bosy was a 5-person Directory who elders chose from here Concil of Five Hundred
sections of Paris led by the royalists; rose up against the Convention October 5, 1795 13 Vendemiaire
commanded the cannon; with a "whiff of grapeshot", he dispersed the crowd Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821))
the Convention conluded peace with Prussia and Spain Treaties of Basel in March and June 1795
sought to foster continutiy but also clearly favored politicians already in office; undermined public faith in the new constitutional order Two-thirds Law
led the conspiracy of Equals, Spring of 1796 in Paris Gracchus Babeuf (1760-1797)
Created by: Cianci