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AHSGE Objective II

U.S. Government

What famous English document was the beginning point for representative government and protection of individual rights? Magna Carta
Jefferson used this idea (Dec. of Ind.). Which allows for a people to overthrow its rulers if their natural right are no longer being protected. Social Contract Theory
Who are the English philosopher who greatly ifluanced Jefferson as he wrote the Declaration of Independance? John Locke
What French philosopher came up with the idea of a three-branch government? Montesquieu
What religious movement occurred in the 1730s and 1740s in the colonies? Great Awakening
What was the first meeting called when 12 colonies sent delegates to Philadephia to discuss British tyranny (and take action)? First Continental Congress
What group sent the Olive Branch Petition and wrote the Declaration of Independence? Second Continental Congress
What document was sent to the British informing them of colonial independence? Declaration of Independence
What was the first set of laws governing the U.S.? Articles of Confederation
What famous convention was held to replace the Articles of Confederation with a more centralized government? Constitutional
What was the solution to the problem of representation at the convention called? Great Compromise
What was the solution to the problem of how to count slaves for representation purposes? Three-fifths Compromise
The Constitution calls for a three-branch government creating a sepatation of What? Powers
What is the clause called which gives Congress broad powers? Elastic Clause
The Constitution allows for power to be shared between the national government and the state. What kind of system is this? Federalism
The opening paragraph of the Constitution ("We the people...") is called what? Preamble
A word for word interpretation of the Constitution is called...? Strict Construction
A broad interpretation of the Constitution is called...? Loose Construction
What amendment abolished slavery? 13th
What amentment guarantees protection of the laws for all citizens? 14th
What amentment gave the vote to women? 19th
What papers were written by Jay, Hamilton, and Madison encouraging the passage of the Constitution? The Federalist Papers
What addition was made to the Constitution giving futher protection for individual right? Bill of Rights
What two political parties emerged after the debate over ratification of the Constitution? Federalists and Democratic-Republicans
Who developed the economic plan for the U.S. during the 1790's? Alexander Hamilton
Who warned Americans about competing political parties in his farewell address? George Washington
Who served as cheif justice of the Supreme Court for 34 years and helped shape a powerful national government? John Marshall
What famous Supreme Court ruling established judicial review? Marbury V. Madison
Created by: debistover
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