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APHG chapter 4-8

QuestionAnswer
Describe folk culture Little change over a long period of time; little variation from person to person; much variation from place to place Ex: the Amish
Describe popular culture Little variation from place to place; much variation from time to time; much variation from person to person Ex: Justin Beber
What is hierarchical diffusion? A form of diffusion in which ideas or innovations are spread by passing first among the most connected places or people. (bigest to smallest) Ex: fashion trends
What is material culture? The housing, art, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed by a group of people
What is nonmaterial culture? The beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people
What is ethnocentrism? A judgement perspective; when you judge others and there way of life based on your culture.
What is cultural relativism? A non-judgment perspective-judge others and their way of life through the eyes of the people that live that way.
What is culture appropriation? The process by which other cultures adopt customs and knowledges and use rotten for their own good
What is commodification? Process through which something that previously was not regards as an object that could be bought or sold now can be. Ex: Justin Bebers hair
What is cultural landscape? The visible imprint of human activity on the landscape.
What is placelessness? The loss of uniqueness in the cultural landscape. Ex: hard rock cafe in Tokyo
What is culture? A group of belief systems, norms, and values practiced by a group of people
What is a hearth? The point of origin or the cases of first diffusion
What is assimilation? To make or covert people to your culture ( forces a change in culture) Ex: Americans made Indians be like them
What is a custom? A practice that a group of people routinely follow
What is distance decay? No longer works as it once did; the farther something is from the hearth, the less likely it will be accepted
What is time-space decay? Explains how quickly inovations diffuse and refers to who closely we are connected through transportation and communication technologies
What is reterriorialization? A popular culture within a local culture
What is invasion and succession? When one immigrant group lives in an area and then a newer immigrant group moves in and the old group eventually moves out.
What kind of language does America have A standard language, not official
What is a isogloss? A geographic boundary within which a particular linguistic feature occurs (rarely a simple line)
What do we break down languages into? Families and subfamilies
What is a lingua Franca? A language used among most speakers of different languages for the purpose of trade and commerce
What is a pidgin language? When people speaking 2 or more languages are in contact with each other and they combine parts of both languages into one simplified structure and vocabulary
What is a creole language? A pidgin language that has a more complex structure and vocabulary and has become the native language if a group of people
List 6 characteristics of culture It is learned, it is universal (all have has a culture), it is unique (no 2 are exactly alike), it is integrative (a change in one trait influences another), it is dynamic (all change, but at diff. rates), it is symbolic (passed through generations)
What are the two ways to approach the study of culture? Ethnocentrism (a judgement perspective) and cultural relativism (a non-judgement perspective)
What is "place"? The uniqueness of a location
What are toponyms? Place names
What is secularism? An idea that ethical and moral standards should be formatted and adhered to for the life on earth (opposite of theocracy)
What is a monotheistic religion? A religion that worships a single God
What is a polytheistic religion? A religion that worships more that one god
What is an animistic religion? Religions that are centered on the belief that inanimate objects (mountains, rivers, trees) hold spirits and should be revered
What are universalizing religions? Religions that actively seek converts bc they view themselves as the onlyones right (Christanity)
What are ethic religions? People born into the religion and converts are not actively sought
What religion did Buddhism come from? Hinduism, about 2500 years ago
What religion is most widely dispersed? Christianity
What religion is the youngest of the 5 major religions? Islam
What did Islam come from? Muslims, Judaism, and Christianity/traced to Muhammad in 571 AD who received it's truths from Allah
How long does Hinduism date back? About 4000 years/ one of the oldest religions in the modern world
What religion has no prophet or single book of scriptures? Hinduism (has a caste system)
What is diaspora? The scattering of Jews after the Roman destruction of Jerusalem
What is Zionism? The belief that Jews should not be absorbed into other societies
What are the two types of Muslims? Sunni (most) and Shi'ite (mostly in Iran)
Created by: Diannalee11