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Blood & Lymphatic Sy

Blood & Lymphatic System Ch. 9

QuestionAnswer
Agglutination clumping of cells
Allergen substance that can produce a hypersensitive reaction in the body
Anaphylaxis exaggerated life threatening hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encountered antigen
Antibodies substances produced by the body in response to bacteria, viruses, or other foreign substances
Antigens causes the formatnion of an antibody and reacts specificaly with that antibody
Coagulation process of transforming a liquid into a solid, especially of the blodd
Dyscrasia adnormal condition of the blood or bone marrow- leukemia
Edema adnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues
Erythrocyte mature red blood cell
erythropoietin hormone synthesized mainly in the kidneys released into bloodstream. stimulate & regulates the production of erythrocytes
Hematologist a medical specialist in the field of hematology
Hemoglobin complex protein-iron compound in the blood that carries oxygen to the cells from lungs & carbon dioxide away from cells to the lungs
hemorrhage loss of large amount of blood in a short period of time
hyperalbuminemia increase level of albumin in the blood
Hyperlipemia excessive level of blood fats - hyperlipidemia
Leukocyte White blood cell
Leukocytopenia abnormal decrease in number of white blood cells
Pancytopenia reduction in the number of the red blood cells, white blood cells, & platelets
Plasma watery, straw-colored, fluid portion of the lymph
Platelet clotting cell; thrombocyte
Septicemia systemic infection, present in the circulating bloodstream
serology branch of laboratory medicine that studies blood serum
Serum blood serum: clear, thin, & sticky fluid portion of the blood that remains aftre coagulation. contains no blood cells, platelets, or fibrinogen
Thrombocyte clotting cell; platelet
Thrombus clot
Anemia condition in which there is a decrease in hemoglobin
Hemophilia involves different hereditary inadequacies of coagulation factors
Leukemia excessive uncontrolled increase of immautre WBC's in the blood
Polycythemia Vera abnormal increase in the number of RBC's, granulocytes, & thrombocytes- leading to an increase in blood volume & viscosity
Purpura pinpoint hemorrhages appearing as red-purple skin discolorations
Thalassemia hereditary form of hemolytic anemia, hemoglobin is deficient
Bleeding Time measurement of the time required for bleeding to stop.
Blood transfusion administration of blood or a blood component to an individual to replace blood lost through surgery, trauma, or disease
Complete Blood Cell count series of tests performed on peripheral blood, which inexpensively screens for problems
Erythocyte Sedimentation rate (ESR) test performed on the blood, which measures the rate at which red blood cells settle out in a tube of unclotted blood
Hematocrit RBC percentage in the total blood volume
Hemoglobin Test concentration measurement of the hemoglobin in the peripheral blood
Lipid Profile measures the lipids in the blood
Platelet Count count of platelets per cubic millimeter of blood
Prothrombin Time (PT) blood test used to evalute system of clot formation
Red Blood Cell count (RBC) measurement of circulating number of RBC's
Red Blood Cell Morphology examination of the RBC on a stained blood smear that enables the examiner to identify the form & shape of the RBC's
Reticulocyte measurement of the number of circulating reticulocytes
Schilling Test diagnostic analysis for pernicious anemia
White Blood Cell Count measurement of the circulating number of WBC's
White Blood Cell Differential measurement of the percentage of each specific type of circulating WBCS
Acquried Immunity result of the body developing the ability to defend itself
Edema accumulation of fluid within the tissue space
Hypersensitivity abnormal condition characterized by an excessive reaction to a particular stimulus
Immunity state of being resistant to or protected from a disease "immune"
Local Reaction reaction to treatment that occurs at the site it was administered
Lymphocyte small, agranulocytic leukocytes originating from fetal stem cells and developing in the bone marrow
Natural Immunity immunity with which we are born; genetic immunity
Pathogens disease-producing microorganisms
Susceptible state of having a lack resistance to pathogens & other harmful agents
Kaposi's Sarcoma malignant neoplasm of the blood vessels associated with AIDS
Lymphoma lymphoid tissue neoplasm that is typically malignant
Mononucleosis Epstein-Barr virus
Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA) a blood test used for screening for an antibody to the AIDS virus
lymphangiogram x-ray assessment of the lymphatic system following injection of a contrast medium into the lymph vessels
Created by: asmaba08