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My 16/17

KAPOSI'S SARCOMA Maligant growth that begins as soft,brownish or purple raised areas on the feet and slowly spreads in the skin,spreading to the lymph nodes and internal organs. It occurs most often in men and is associated with AIDS.
GONORRHEA (GC) Sexually transmitted bacterial infection of the mucous membrane of the genital tract in men and women. It is spread by sexual intercourse with an infected partner, and can also be passed on from an infected mother to her infant during the birth process.
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) Deadly virus that destroys the body's immune system by invading the helper T lymphocytes (T cells) which play an important part of the body's immune response.
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) Human immunodeficiency virus replicates itself within the T cells, destroying the lymphocyte,and then invades other lymphocytes.
Chlamydia Sexually transmitted bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the crevix (cervicitis) in women and inflammation of the urethra (urethritis) and the epididymis (epididymitis) in men.
GENITAL HERPES Highly contagious viral infection of the male and female genitalia; aka VENEREAL HERPES. Caused by the herpes simplex virus is transmitted by direct contact with infected body secrections. It can recur spontaneously once the virus has been acquired.
Syphilis Sexually transmitted disease characterized by lesions that may involve any organ or tissue. It is spread by sexual intercourse with an infected partner, and can also be passed through to placenta,Spirochete Treponema Pallidum is the causative organism. Pr
Chancre Skin lesion, usually of primary syphilis, that begins at the site of infection as a small raised area and develops into a red painless ulcer with a scooped-out appreance; aka VENEREAL SORE.
Adnexa Tissues or structures in the body that are next to or near another. As in the uterus,the adnexa consists of the fallopian tubes,ovaries, and ligaments of the uterus.
Areola Darker pigmented, circular area surrounding the nipple of each breast; aka areola mammae or areola papillaris.
CERVIX Part of the uterus that protudes into the cavity of the vagina; the neck of the uterus.
Climacteric Cessation of menstruation; see menopause.
Clitoris Vaginal erectile tissue (structure) corresponding to the male penis.
Coitus Sexual union of two people of the opposite sex in which the penis is introduced into the vagina; aka sexual intercourse or copulation.
Copulation Sexual intercourse.
Corpus luteum Yellowish mass that forms within the ruptured follicle after ovulation, containing high levels of progesterone and some estrogen. Functions as temporary endocrine gland fo purpose of secreting estrogen and large amounts of progesterone,which will sustain
Diaphragm Term used in gynecology to represent a form of contraception.
Endometrium Inner lining of the uterus.
Estrogen One of the female hormones that promotes the development of the female secondary sex characteristics.
Fallopian tubes One of a pair of tubes opening at one end into the uterus and at the other end into the peritoneal cavity, over the ovary.
Fertilization Union of a male sperm and afemale ovum.
Fimbriae Fringelike end of the fallopian tube.
Fourchette Tense band of mucous membranes at the posterior rim of the vaginal opening: the point at which the labia minora connect.
Fundus Dome-shaped central, upper portion of the uterus between the points of insertion of the fallopian tubes.
Gamete Mature sperm or ovum.
Gonads Gamete-producing gland, such as an ovary or testis.
Gynecology Branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system.
Hymen Thin layer of elactic, connective tissue membrane that forms a border around the outer opening of the vagina and may partially cover the vaginal opening.
Labia majora Two folds of skni containing fatty tissue and covered with hair that lie on either side of the vaginal opening, extending from the mons pubis to the perineum. The outer surface of the labia majora is covered by pubic hair; inner surface is smooth and mois
Labia minora Two folds of hairless skin located within the folds of the labia majora. The labia minora extend from the clitoris downward toward the perineum.
Mammary glands Female breasts.
Mastectomy Surgical removal of the breast as a treatment for breast cancer; can be simple (breast only),modified radical (breast plus lymph nodes in axilla),or radical( breast, lymph nodes, and chest muscles on affected side).
Mastitis Inflammation of the breast.
MENARCHE Onset of menstruaton; the first menstrual period.
MENOPAUSE Permanent cessation (stopping) of the menstrual cycles.
MENUSTRUATION Periodic shedding of the linning of the nonpregnant uterus through a bloody discharge that passes through the vagina to the outside of the body. Occurs at monthly intervals and lasts for 3 to 5 days.
OVARY One of a pair of female gonads responsible for producing mature ova (eggs) and releasing them at monthly intervals (ovulaton); also responsible for producing the feamle hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Ovulation Release of mature ovum from the ovary, occuring approximately 14 days prior to the beginning of menses.
OVUM Female reproductive cell; female sex cell or egg.
PERINEUM Area between the vaginal orifice and the anus that consists of muscular and fibrous tissue and serves as support for the pelvic structures.
PREGNANCY Period of intrauterine development of the fetus from conception through birth. The average pregnancy lasts approximately 40 weeks; aka gestational period.
PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME Group of symptoms that include irritability, fluid retention, tenderness of the breasts, and a general feeling of depression occuring shortly before onset of menstruation; also called PMS.
Progesterone One of the female hormones secreted by the corpus luteum and the placenta. Primarily responsible for changes that occur in the endometrium in anticipation of a fertilized ovum,and for development of the maternal placenta after implantation of fretilized o
PUBERTY Period of life at which the ability to reproduce begins; that is, in the female it is the period when the female reproductive organs are fully developed.
SPERM Mature male germ cell; spermatozoon.
UTERUS Hollow,pear-shaped organ of the female reproductive system that houses the fertilized ovum as it develops throughout pregnancy;also source of the monthly menstrual flow.
VAGINA Muscular tube that connects the uterus with the vulva. Approximately 3" long, and rests between the bladder (anteriorly) and the rectum(posteriorly).
VULVA External genitalia that consists of the mons pubis,labia majora,clitoris,labia minora,vestibule,urinary meatus,vaginal orifice,Bartholin's glands and the perineum; aka pudendum.
AMENORRHEA Absence of menstrual flow.
Dysmenorrhea Painful menstrual flow.
Menorrhagia Abnormally long or very heavy menstrual periods.
Metrorrhagia Uterine bleeding at times other than the menstrual period.
Oligomenorrhea Abmormally light or infrequent menstruation.
Abstinence To abstain from having vaginal intercourse.
Oral contraceptive Birth control pills, contain synthetic forms of the hormones estrogen and progesterone and are taken by mouth.
Depo-Provera injection Form of contraception administered intramuscularly,approximately once every 12 weeks.
TUBAL LIGATION Surgically cutting and tying the fallopian tubes to prevent passage of ova or sperm through the tubes,consequently preventing pregnancy; female sterilization.
CERVICITIS Acute or chronic inflammation of the uterine cervix.
Cystocele Herniation or downward protusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina.
ENDOMETRIOSIS Presence and growth of endometrial tissue in areas outside the endometrium (lining of the uterus).
Fibrocystic breast disease Presence of single or multiple fluid-filled cysts that are palpable in the breast.
Fibroid tumor Benign,fibrous tumor of the uterus.
Ovarian carcinoma Malignant tumor of the ovaries,most commonly occurring in women in their 50s. Rarely detected in the early stage and is usually far advanced when diagnosed.
Ovarian cysts Benign,globular sacs(cysts) that form on or near the ovaries. These cysts may be fluid filled or they may contain semisolid fluid.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) Infection of the fallopian tubes; also known as salpingitis.
Salpingitis Inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
Stress incontinence, urinary Inability to hold urine when the bladder is stresed by sneezing,coughing,laughing, or lifting.
Apiraton biopsy Invasive procedure in which a needle is inserted into an area of the body, such as the breast, to withdraw a tissue or fluid sample for microscopic examination and diagnosis.
COLPOSCOPY Visual examination of the vagina and cervix with a colposcope.
Cone biopsy Surgical removal of a cone-shaped segment of the cervix for diagnosis or treatment;aka conization.
Cryosurgery Destruction of tissue by rapid freezing with substances such as liquid nitrogen.
Culdocentesis Surgical puncture through the posterior wall of the vagina into the ccul-de-sac to withdraw intraperitoneal fluid for examination.
Dialtion and curettage Dilation and widening of the crevical canal with a dilator,followed by scraping of the uterine lining with a curet; aka D&C.
Endometrial biopsy Invasive test for obtaining a sample of endometrial tissue ( with a small curet) for examination.
Laparoscopy Process of viewing the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope( a thin-walled flexible tube with a telescopic lens and light).
Mammography Process of examining with X-ray the soft tissue of the breast to detect various benign and/or amlignant growths before they can be felt.
Papanicolaou smear Diagnostic test for cervical cancer;that is a microscopic examanination of cells scraped from within the cervix,from around the crevix,and from the posterior part of the vagina to test for crevical cancer; aka Pap test.
Liquid-based pap Process of collecting a tissue sample form the endocervix and the exocervix with a sampling device that is placed directly into a liquid fixative instead of being spread onto a glass slide. Provides immediate fixation and improves specimen adequacy.
Pelvic ultrasound NOninvasive procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to examine the abdomen and pelvis.
Endometrial Carcinoma Malignant tumor of the lining of the uterus; also known as adenocarcinoma of the uterus.
Stress Incontinence, Urinary The inability to hold urine when the bladder is stressed by sneezing,coughing,laughing,or lifiting.
Vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina and the vulva.
Created by: Jayson R. Hoss



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