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CNA Basics ch 1

CNA Basics Ch1

Long Term Care (LTC) Care that is given to persons who need 24 hours care
Length of stay The number of days a person stays in a care facility
Terminal illness A condition in which a person is expected die
Home health care Care that is given to a person in their own home
Hospice Care Care that is given in homes or health facilities for people who have 6 months or less to live
Activities of daily living ADL's are common things you do each day
Medicare Health insurance that is used for older people (65 and >) or people with chronic disabilities or illness
Medicaid Health insurance used for people who have low income
Charting Writing down important information about a resident
Chain of command The line of authority in a facility
Liability To be held responsible for harming someone else
Scope of practice Defines the things you are allowed to do and how to do them correctly
Policy Course of action that should be taken every time a certain situation occurs
Procedure A method or way of doing something. Often steps how to do something correctly
Ethics The knowledge of right and wrong
Laws Rules set by the government to ensure order and safety
Cite Means a problem that a state official found during a survey of a facility
Resident's rights List of things relating how a resident should be treated while living in a facilty
Informed consent The process in which a person, with the help of a doctor, makes inform decisions about his or her healthcare
Neglect Harming a person physically, mentally, or emotionally by failing to provide needed care
Malpractice Occurs when a person is injured due to professional misconduct through negligence, carelessness, or lack of skill
Abuse Purposely causing physical, mental, or emotional pain or injury to someone
Physical abuse Any treatment, intentional or not, that causes harm to a persons body
Psychological abuse Emotionally harming a person by threats, scaring, humiliating, isolating, or treating like a child
Verbal abuse Involves the use of language-spoken or written- that threatens, embarrasses, or insults a person
Assault Legal term that is threatening to touch a person without permission
Battery A legal term that means a person actually is touched without permission
Sexual abuse Forcing a person to perform or participate in sexual acts against his or her will
Financial abuse Stealing, taking advantage of or improperly using the money of someone
Domestic abuse Abuse by spouses, intimate partners, or family members
Workplace violence Abuse of staff by residents or other staff members
False imprisonment Unlawful restraint of someone which affects the person's freedom of movement
Involuntary seclusion Separating a person from others agaisnt the person's will
Sexual harassment Unwelcome sexual advancement or behavior
Substance abuse Use of legal or illegal drugs, Use of legal or illegal drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol in a way that harms self or others
Ombudsman A person who is assigned by law as the legal advocate for residents
Confidentiality To keep private things private
Incident An accident or unexpected event during the course of care
Sentinel event An accident or incident that results in grave physical or psychological injury
Assisted Living Facility that provides some help with daily care but do NOT need skilled 24 hour care
Adult daycare Care given at a facilty during daytime working hours to give family members a break
Acute care Care that is given in hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers who have an immediate illness
Rehabilitation Care given in facilities or homes by a specialist like a physical or speech therapist
CNA Health worker who assists residents with ADLs and needs at least 75 hours of training
RN Licensed professional who has completed 2 to 4 years of education; provides skilled care like passing medications and providing treatments
Dr., MD This person diagnosis diseases and prescribes medication and treatments
Physical therapist This person evaluates a person and a person increase movement, improves circulation, promotes healing, and regains or maintains mobility
Occupational therapist This person helps residents learn to compensate for disabilities and helps them relearn or maintain the ability to perform ADLs
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) An Act passed by congress to keep health information private and secure
Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) A person who helps residents with speech/cognition/swallowing problems
Registered Dietician A person who creates diets for residents with special needs
Medical Social worker A person who determines residents' needs and helps get them support services, such as counseling
Activities Director A person who plans activities for residents to help them socialize and stay active
Resident The most important person in the healthcare team
Chronic illness Conditions that last a long time, even a lifetime
Diagnosis Medical condition determined by a doctor
Skilled care Medically needed care given by skilled nurse or therapist
Subacute Care Care given to people who need more care then LTC, but less then acute care
Acute illness illness that has severe symptoms, treated immediately and is usually short-term
Outpatient care given for less than 24 hours, for those who had treatments/surgery
Culture change term used for process of transforming services to elders so they are based on their values and practices
Care Plan A plan developed by RN for each resident to help achieve his/her goals
Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN/LVN) Nurse who has completed 1-2 years of education and is licensed
Professional Having to do with work or a job
Personal Life outside one's job/work
Professionalism How you behave on the job
Compassionate Being caring, concerned, empathetic, and understanding
Empathy Means entering into the feelings of others. Putting yourself in their shoes
Sympathy Sharing in the feelings and difficulties of other
Honest Being truthful and trusted
Tactful (Tact) Ability to understand what is proper and appropriate when dealing with others
Conscientious Guided by a sense of right and wrong and try to do their best
Dependable To make and keep commitments
Respectful Valuing other people's individuality
Unprejudiced Give quality of care no matter what gender, age, race, religion, or condition
Tolerant Care for each pt and do not judge them even if you don't agree with them
Created by: mscardenas