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Bonewit Chapter 5

The Physical Examination

Audiometer An instrument used to measure hearing.
Auscultation The process of listening to the sounds produced within the body to detect signs of disease.
Bariatrics The branch of medicine that deals with the treatment and control of obesity and diseases associated with obesity.
Clinical diagnosis A tentative diagnosis of a patient's condition obtained through the evaluation of the health history and the physical examination, without the benefit of laboratory or diagnostic tests.
Diagnosis The scientific method of determining and identifying a patient's condition.
Differential diagnosis A determination of which two or more diseases with similar symptoms is producing a patient's symptoms.
Inspection The process of observing a patient to detect signs of disease.
Mensuration The process of measuring a patient.
Ophthalmoscope An instrument for examining the interior of the eye.
Otoscope An instrument for examining the external ear canal and tympanic membrane.
Palpation The process of feeling with the hands to detect signs of disease.
Percussion The process of tapping the body to detect signs of disease.
Percussion hammer An instrument with a rubber head, used for testing reflexes.
Prognosis The probable course and outcome of a patient's condition and the patient's prospects for recovery.
Speculum An instrument for opening a body orifice or cavity for viewing.
Symptom Any change in the body or its functioning that indicates a disease might be present.
Created by: hannahbirt