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Chapter 18 - Patient Exams -

anthropometry obtaining assessment measurements, comprises signs, functions, and capacities that can be objectively determined by the senses
audiometry a hearing test using an audiometer with earphones that measures the patient's response to tones; it is recorded in decibels (db)and frequencies
auscultation use of an instrument, usually a stethoscope, to listen to internal body sounds for abnormalities
body mass index a health risk assessment tool for adults and children to estimate the percentage of body fat by using a formula based on the individual's height and weight
chief complaint a summary of the patient's words explaining why he or she is seeking health care
Doppler an ultrasonic device used to locate, audibly , transmit, and sometimes record pulses
impedance audiometry a hearing test using an audiometer and an ear probe that measures tympanic membrane and ossicle mobility
Ishihara color vision test used to determine color vision deficiencies (color blindness); consists of a series of pages, or plates with embedded numbers of various colors; depending degree of the deficiency; the person would not see the number or would see it in a different color
Korotkoff sounds sounds heard through the stethoscope during the measurement of blood pressure
5 phases of taking blood pressure faint tapping sounds (systole), soft swishing sounds, rhythmic, sharp, distinct tapping sounds, soft tapping sounds (faint),disppearance of sound (diastole)
manipulation passive movement of body joints to determine the extent of movement
palpation use of fingertips and hands to feel for sizes and positions of specific organs, masses or other abnormalities, texture & firmness, skin temperature & moisture, flexibility of joints
peak flow meter a handheld device used to measure the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) to monitor asthmatics
percussion process of determining density of specific internal structures by the sound produced by external tapping using fingers or with a percussion hammer testing neurologic reflexes
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation; abbreviation used to described the normal pupil of the eye
pulmonary function test (PFT) used to diagnose and measure severity of lung problems by evaluating how well the lungs work; amount of air the lungs can hold; & how quickly the lungs move air in and out;measure the efficiency if oxygenating the blood and removing carbon dioxide
pulse oximetry test using a pulse oximeter to measure the percentage of oxygen in the blood
Snellen chart poster with letters in rows of graduated sizes used to measure how well a person can see at specific distances
sphygmomanometer instrument used to measure blood pressure; the instrument is composed of a cuff for the arm, thigh, wrist, or finger and a measurement device
spirometry measures how much and how quickly air is moved in and out of the lungs by breathing into a mouthpiece attached to a recording device (spirometer - a graph with results (spirogram) is produced
symptoms subjective descriptions of altered health indicators; complaints that can't be seen or measured
tonometry a test using an instrument (tonometer) to measure the intracular pressure of the eye to diagnose glaucoma
tuning fork used for gross measurement for hearing and sound conduction; instrument
tympanometry a test that uses a tympanometer, which uses air pressure to measure tympanic membrane mobility
vital signs measurements of the body temperature, pulse rate, respirations (TPR) and blood pressure (BP)
Created by: dfedor08
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