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med term muscul syst

medical terminology muscular system

QuestionAnswer
muscle my/o
myos/o muscles
fascia fasci/o
tendons tend/o
attach muscle to bone tendon
adduction movement toward the midline
abduction movement away from the midline
adhesion band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormaly
ataxia inability to coordinate the muscles in the execution of voluntary movement
atrophy weakness and wasting away
contraction tightening or shortening of a muscle
contracture abnormal shortening of muscle tissue
dorsiflexion bends the foot upward at the ankle
dyskinesia distortion or impairment of voluntary movement, as in a tic or spasm
dystaxia difficulty in controlling voluntary movement
dystonia abnormal muscle tone
epicondylitis inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow
ergonomics study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
fasciitis inflammation of the fascia
fascioplasty surgical repair of the fascia
fasciotomy surgical incision of the fascia
hemiparesis slight paralysis of one side of the body
hyperkinesia abnormally increased motor function or activity, also known as hyperactivity
hypertonia excessive tone of the skeletal muscles with increased resistance of muscle to passive stretching
hypokinesia abnormally decreased motor function or activity
hypotonia diminished tone of the skeletal muscles with decreased resistance of muscle to passive stretching
kinesiology the study of muscular activity and the resulting movement of body parts
muscular dystrophy group of inherited muscle disorders that cause muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system
myalgia muscle tenderness or pain
myasthenia muscle weakness from any cause
myectomy surgical removal of a portion of the muscle
myoclonus spasm or twitching of a muscle or group of muscles
myolysis degeneration of muscle tissue
myomalacia abnormal softening of muscle tissue
myoparesis weakness or slight paralysis of muscle
myoplasty surgical repair of a muscle
myorrhaphy to suture a muscle wound
myorrhexis rupture of a muscle
myositis inflammaiton of skeletal muscle tissue
myotonia delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction
oblique slanted or at an angle
paraplegia paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
polymyositis chronic progressive ds affecting the skeletal muscles that is characterized by muscle weakness and atrophy
quadriplegia paralysis of all four extremities
rectus straight
singultus myoclonus of the diaphragm that causes the characteristic hiccup sound with each spasm, also known as .... hiccups
spasmodic torticollis a stiff neck d/t spasmodic contractions of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side; also known as wryneck
sphincter ring-like muscle that tightly constricts the opening of a passageway
tardive dyskinesia late appearance of dyskanesia as a side effect of long-term treatment of certain antipsychotic drugs
tenalgia pain in a tendon
tendinitis inflammation of the tendons d/t excessive or unusual use of a joint
tenectomy surgical removal of a tendon
tenodesis to suture the end of a tendon to bone
tenolysis to free a tendon from adhesions
tenonectomy surgical removal of part of a tendon for the purpose of shortening it
tenoplasty surgical repair of a tendon
tenorrhaphy suturing of a divided tendon
tenotomy surgical division of a tendon for releif of a deformity
smooth muscle function is to move and control the flow of fluids through structures (walls of internal organs such as the digestive tract, blood vessels, and ducts leading from glands.)
unstriated muscles same as smooth muscle, do not have dark and light bands
involuntary muscles smooth muscles, not under voluntary control
visceral muscles smooth muscles because they are found in large organs
skeletal muscles attach to the bones of the skeletal system and make movement possible
flexion bending, decreases an angle
elevation raises a body part
rotation turns a bone on its own axis
supination turns the palms upward or forward
dorsiflexion bends the foot upward at the ankle
extension straightening, increases an angle
depression lowers a body part
circumduction turns at the far end
pronation turns the palm downward or backward
plantar flexion bends the foot downward at the ankle
Created by: cbiondillo