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A&P 2 - E3 - P3

A&P 2 - Exam 3 - Part 3 - Respiratory Anatomy

The respiratory system functions as an air _______ and _______ exchanger. distributor, gas
The respiratory system supplies _______ and removes _______ from cells. oxygen, carbon dioxide
______ are sacs that serve as gas exchangers; all other parts of respiratory system serve as air distributors. alveoli
The respiratory system warms, filters and ________ air. humidifies
Respiratory organs influence speech, homeostasis of body ___, and olfaction. pH
The respiratory system is divided into two divisions consisting of the _________ and the _________. upper respiratory tract, lower respiratory tract
The _________ consists of the organs that are located outside of the _______ and consist of the nose, nasopharnyx, oropharnyx, laryngopharnyx, and larnyx upper respiratory tract, thorax
The _________ consists of the organs are located within the _______ and consist of the trachea, the bronchial tree,and the lungs. lower respiratory tract, thorax
________ structures of the respiratory system include the oral cavity, rib cage, and diaphragm. accessory
_______ occurs when the palatine bones fail to unite completely and only partially separate the nose and the mouth, producing difficulty in swallowing. cleft palate
The _________ plate separates the roof of the nose from the cranial cavity. cribriform
The _______ separates the nasal cavity into a right and left cavity. septum
The septum consists of four structures: the perpendicular plate of the _______ bone, the _____ bone, the vomeronasal cartilages, and the septal nasal cartilage. ethmoid, vomer
What are the two cartilages of the septum? vomeronasal, septal nasal
______ are the external openings to the nasal cavities which open into the vestibule. anterior nares
_______ are 4 pairs of air-containing spaces that open or drain into nasal cavity and each is lined with respiratory ________. paranasal sinuses, mucosa
The throat is also known as the __________. pharynx
The _______ is a tubelike structure extending from the base of the skull to the esophagus. pharynx
The pharynx is made of muscle and divided into what 3 parts? nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
The _________ tonsils are located in the nasopharynx and are called ________ when they become enlarged. pharyngeal, adenoids
The oropharynx contains the _________ tonsils (most commonly removed) and the _______ tonsils (rarely removed). palatine, lingual
The pharynx is the pathway for the _______ and ______ tracts. respiratory, digestive
The _______ is located between the root of the tongue and the upper end of the trachea. larynx
The larynx contains the _______ cords. vocal
The larynx functions as part of the airway to the lungs and produces the ______. voice
The _______ extends from the larynx to the primary bronchi. trachea
The trachea is also known as the ________. windpipe
The lower end of the trachea divides into two primary ________, one on the right and one on the left. bronchi
The bronchi enter the lungs and divide into secondary bronchi that branch into ________, which eventually divide into _______. bronchioles, alveolar
The ________ are the primary gas exchange structures. alveoli
A ________ is a component of the fluid coating the respiratory membrane that reduces surface tension. surfactant
The ______ are cone-shaped organs extending from the diaphragm to above the clavicles. lungs
The _______ is a slit on the lung's medial surface where the primary bronchi and pulmonary blood vessels enter. hilum
The lobes of the lungs are further divided into functional units known as _________. bronchopulmonary segments
The right lung has ____ bronchopulmonary segments. 10
The left lung has ____ bronchopulmonary segments. 8
The lungs have two functions- _____ distribution and ______. air, gas exchange
The thoracic cavity has three divisions divided by the ______. pleura
Two of the divisions of the thoracic cavity are the ________ divisions the part occupied by the lungs. pleural
The ________ division of the thoracic cavity is occupied by the esophagus, trachea, large blood vessels, and heart. mediastinum
The thorax functions to bring about _________ and _________. inspiration, expiration
Respiration may be affected by ________ defects, age-related structural changes, or loss of function throughout the life cycle. developmental
Age-related changes affect ____________, make ventilation difficult, or reduce the oxygen or carbon dioxide carrying capacity of blood. vital capacity
Inflammation in the nose area is known as ________. rhinitis
Inflammation in the throat is known as ________. pharyngitis
Inflammation in the larynx is known as ________. laryngitis
A broken nose is also known as a __________. deviated septum
A nose bleed is also known as __________. epistaxis
Created by: K1N1V