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vocabular unit 3+4

folk and popular culture/language

Culture A collection of customs shared by a population
Adaptive strategies The unique way in which each culture uses it's particular physical environment; Those aspects of culture that serve to provide the necessities of life - Food, clothing, shelter, and defense
Anglo-American landscape American, especially an inhabitant of the United States, whose language and ancestry are English, and the landscape thereof.
Characteristics a defining quality
Built environment the man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity
Folk culture Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups
Folklore unwritten lore (stories, proverbs, riddles, songs) of a culture
Material culture objects of natural or culural significance
Nonmaterial culture abstract or untangible human creations of society (such as attitudes, beliefs, and values) that influence people's behavior
Popular culture Entertainment spread by mass communications and enjoying wide appeal
Custom a habit conducted by a group of individuals.
Habit a pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition by an individual
Taboo an inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion
Formal Region A region marked by relative uniformity of characteristics
Functional Region defined by their connections
Perceptual Region perceived regions, such as "The South," "The Midwest," or the "Middle East"
Core center, of central importance.
Cultural Landscape Modification to an environment by humans (including built environments and agricultural systems that reflects aspects of culture.)
Syncretism Reconciliation or fusion of differing systems of belief
Core-domain-sphere model The place where concentration of culture traits that characterizes a region is greatest.
node the central dominating focus of a region.
cultural convergience The tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by improved transportation and communication
cultural realm A collective of culture regions sharing related culture systems
hearth A nuclear area within which an advanced and distinctive set of culture traits, ideas, and technologies develops
Literary tradition ask teacher
Creole a language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
Dialect a regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation
Indo-European languages germanic, romance, balto-slavic, and indo-iranian languages are all part of the same indo-european language family and they all have commmon roots
Ideograms 1.A written character symbolizing the idea of a thing without indicating the sounds used to say it, e.g., numerals and Chinese characters
Isogloss a boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
Isolated Languages A language isolate, in the absolute sense, is a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages; that is, one that has not been demonstrated to descend from an ancestor common with any other language
Language a system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
Language family a collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history
Language group a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatibely few differences in grammar and vocabulary
Language subfamily a smaller group of languages within the language family that are related to one another through a common ancestor long before recorded history
Lingua franca a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
Linguistic diversity the occurance of numerous languages that are spoken around the world
Monolingual/multilingual capable of communication in one (mono) language and (multi) capable of communication in more than one language, but not necessarily at the same level of proficiency
Official language an official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories
Pidgin language a simplified, limited language combining features from many languages and used among persons who share no common language amongst themselves
Toponymy the scientific study of place-names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use and typology
Trade language also a pidgin, or contact language, is the name given to any language created, usually spontaneously, out of two or more languages as a means of trade
Vulgar Latin popular Latin, as distinguished from literary or standard Latin, especially those spoken forms of Latin from which the Romance languages developed.
Relocation diffusion The spread of an idea through physical movement of one place to another.
Expansion diffusion the spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowball effect. (3 ways: hierarchical, contagious, stimulus)
Heirarchial Expansion diffusion The spread of an idea to positions of power, then other peoples.
Contagious Expansion diffusion The widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population through some large, interconnected outlet (internet, new etc.)
Stimulus Expansion diffusion the spread of an underlying principle, though not necessarily the characteristic (nice cars = prestige)
innovation adoption study of how, why, and what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture
survey system system by which land is allotted withing a place
scale territory covered by a culture
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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