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Oncology : Cancer

Medical terminology pertaining to Oncology

QuestionAnswer
A cancerous tumor of a gland adencarcinoma
Treatment that is given to enhance the effectivness of the primary treatment adjuvant therapy
A characteristic of most cancerous cells in which there is a loss of deffentiation anaplasia
A tumor composed of star-shaped neuroglial cells astrocytoma
A malignant tumor, most commonly found in Africa, that affects children. The characteristic symptom is massive, swollen jaw Burkitt's lymphoma
Any agent or substance that incites or produces cancer carcinogen
tumor derived from the argentaffin cells in the intestinal tract, bile duct, pancreas, bronchus, or ovary carcinoid
A cancerous tumor carcinoma
A cancerous tumor derived from cartilage cells chondrosarcoma
A cancerous tumor of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy choriocarcinoma
Process whereby normal cells lose their specialization and become malignant dedifferentiation
Complex protein of high molecular weight that is found in the nucleus of every cell. (DNA) deoxyribonucleic acid
The process whereby normal cells have a distinct appearance and specialized function differentiation
Abnormal cells that involce only the lining of a duct. ductal carcinoma in situ
Enclosed within a sheath or capsule encapsulated
A primary bone cancer occuring in the pelvic area or in one of the long bones Ewing's sarcoma
The process of increasing the severity of symptoms; a time when the symptoms of a disease are most prevalent exacerbation
A cancerous tumor arising from collagen-producing fibroblasts fibrosarcoma
The process of growing rapidly, like a fungus fungating
A cancerous tumor of the brain, usually of the cerebral hemisheres glloblastoma
A cancerous tumor of the brain glloma
A cancerous tumor originating from blood vessels hemangiosarcoma
A form of lymphoma that occurs in young adult Hodgkin's disease
The first virus known to cause cancer in humans human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma virus (HTLV)
Excessive formation and growth of normal cells hyperplasia
The process of preventing formation of the immune response immuno-suppression
Treatment of disease by active, passive or adoptive immunity immunotherapy
Pertaining to the process of extending or growing into normal tissue; invasive inflitrative
To stay within a site; refers to tumor cells that remain at a site and have not invaded adjacent tissue in situ
Pertaining to between spaces interstitial
The spreading process of a malignant tumor into normal tissue invasive
A malignant neoplasm that causes violaceous vascular lesions and general lymphadenopathy Kaposi's sarcoma
A cancerous tumor of smooth muscle tissue lelomyosarcoma
A wound; an injury, altered tissue, or a single infected patch of skin lesion
A disease of the blood characterized by overproduction of leukocytes leukemia
White, thickened patches formed on the mucous membranes of the cheeks, gums or tongue leukoplakia
A cancerous tumor of fat cells liposarcoma
Abnormal cells found in the lobules of the breast lobular carcinoma in situ
A cancerous tumor of lymphatic lymphanglosarcinoma
A cancerous tumor of the lymph lymphoma
A cancerous disease of lymphatic tissue lymphosarcoma
Pertaining to a bad wandering malignant
A cancerous tumor of the brain, the fourth ventricle, and the cerebellum medulloblastoma
A cancerous black mole or tumor melanoma
A cancerous tumor arising in the arachnoidal tissue of the brain meningioma
The spreading process of cancer from a primary site to a secondary site metastasis
Inflammation of the oral mucosa caused by exposure to high energy beams delivered by radioation therapy mucositis
Any agent that causes a change in the genetic structure of an organism mutagen
The process whereby the genetic structure is changed mutation
Pertaining to a fungus growing in food or animal feed that, if ingested, may cause cancer mycotoxin
A tumor arising in the hemopoietic prtion of the bone marrow myeloma
A cancerous tumor of muscle tissue myosarcoma
A new thing formed, such as an abnormal growth or tumor neoplasm
A cancerous tumor of the kidney; also called Wilm's tumor nephroblastoma
A cancerous tumor composed chiefly of neuroblast; usually found in infants or young children neuroblastoma
A cancerous tumor composed chiefly of neuroglial cells and located in the cerebrum oligodendroglioma
Cancer-causing genes oncogenes
The formation of tumors, especially cancerous tumors oncogenic
A cancerous tumor composed of osseous tissue osteogenic sarcoma
An inflammatory bone disease that may precede the development of bone cancer Paget's disease
Pertaining to a form of treatment that will relieve or alleviate symtpoms without curing palliative
Pertaining to the state of a growth or condition before the onset of cancer precancerous
The original, initial or principal site primary site
The process of rapid production; to grow by multiplying proliferation
The process of lessening the severity of symptoms remission
A cancerous tumor of the lymphatic system reticulosarcoma
A cancerous tumor of the retina retinoblastoma
A cancerous tumor arising in striated muscle tissue rhabdomyosarcoma
A nucleic acid found in all living cells that is responsible for protein synthesis ribonucleic acid (RNA)
A cancerous tumor arising from connective tissue sarcoma
A hard, cancerous tumor composed of connective tissue scirrhus
The second site usually derived from the primary site secondary site
A cancerous tumor of the testis seminoma
Allows the physician to pinpoint the first lymph node into which a tumor drains, and remove only the nodes most likely to contain cancer cells sentinel node biopsy
A pathologic condition of the heart in which there is accumulation of excess fluid in the pericardium tamponade (cardiac)
A cancerous tumor of the ovary or testis teratoma
A tumor of the thymus gland thymoma
Petaining to the inability to open the mouth fully, usually occuring in patients with oral cancer who undergo a combination of surgery and radiation therapy trismus
An abnormal growth, swelling or enlargement tumor
Created by: iluvskittles83