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Allied Review test 3

Review test #3

QuestionAnswer
a highly malignant brain tumor is glioblastoma multiforme
paralysis of four extremities is called quadriplegia
inflammation of a spinal nerve root is called radiculitis
spina bifida is associated with meningomyelocele
The branching fiber that is the first part of a neuron to recieve a nervous impulse is a dendrite
the protective fatty tissue that surrounds the axon of a nerve cell is called myelin sheath
combining form cerebr/o means cerebrum
combining form thec/o means sheath
combining form myel/o means spinal cord
which of the following conditions includes sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures epilepsy
when a blood clot suddenly enters a blood vessel in the brain it is known as cerebral embolus
parkinsons disease is characterized by shuffling gait
the peripheral nerves that carry messages toward the brain from receptors are called sensory nerves
disease of the heart muscle cardiomyopathy
the contraction phase of the heartbeat is called systole
what is located between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart mitral valve
the instrument to measure blood pressure is sphygmomanometer
Congenital narrowing of the large artery leading from the heart is coarctation of the aorta
rapid, random, ineffectual and irregular contractions of the heart are called fibrillation
the inability of the heart to pump its required amount of blood is called congestive heart failure
what is it called when you have congenital malformation involving four seperate heart defects tetralogy of fallot
smallest blood vessel capillary
the upper chamber of the heart is called atrium
what carries blood to the lungs from the heart pulmonary artery
the space between the lungs in the chest is called mediastinum
nasopharyngeal lymphatic tissue is known as the adenoids
stridor occurs what upper respiratory disorder croup
what term means difficulty breathing dyspnea
bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing and cough describes asthma
thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract are cilia
the voice box is callled larynx
middle region where bronchi, blood vessels and nerves enter and exit lungs is the hilum
the gas produced by cells and exhaled through the lungs is called carbon dioxide
the divisions of the lungs are called lobes
the essential cells of the lung, performing its main function are the pulmonary parenchyma
combining form coni/o means dust
combining form lob/o means lobe of the lung
what do you call white blood cells with reddish granules who's numbers increase in allergic reactions eosinophil
a method of seperating out plasma proteins by electrical charge is electrophoresis
what is the foreign material that invades the body called antigens
the blood type that contains B antigens and anti-A antibodies is type B
the blood type that contains no A or B antigens and both anti-A and anti-B antibodies is type O
a strained blood smear is examined to determine the shape of individual red blood cells during a (an) re blood cell morphology
what measures the percentage of red blood cells in a volume of blood hematocrit
abnormally shaped red blood cells causing hemolysis describes sickle cell anemia
red blood cells with irregularity in shape describes poikilocytosis
an increase in numbers of large cells describes macrocytosis
the formation of red cells is called erythropoiesis
the destruction of red cells is called hemolysis
Created by: chether