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Introduction A&P

Anatomy The study of the structure of living things. parts, structure, placing, physical appearance
Physiology study of how things work - function. Why do we need it, what does it do, how it does that, what regulates it?
Homeostasis characteristics of all living things, where they try to maintain a relatively constant internal conditions/ state.
Chemical smallest level of organization in the body
Organelle structures within a cell
Matabolism chemical reactions in living things
Physiology group of similar cells functioning together
Cellular all living things are made of cells. Simplist have a single cell. Simplist structure of life, cell. Basic structure of life.
Dorsal Cavity toward the back, contains cranial and vertebral cavities - cebraspinal fluid
Organ group of tissues working together to perform some function
Cranial Cavity brain - cebraspinal fluid
Organ System group of organs working together
Vertebral Cavity spine - cebraspinal fluid
Organism living thing made of a group of prgam systems
Cranial Cavity chest cavity - diaphragm at bottom.
Ventral Cavity clavicle to pubic bone
Ventral Cavity medial thoracic, contains esaphagus, heart, tracia, thymus gland
Pleural cavities lateral thoracic, lungs and pleural fluid
Pericardial Cavity heart, peracardial fluid
Abdominopelvic Cavity diaphragm to pubic bone
Abdominal cavity stomach, liver, pancreas, intestines, digestive system
Pelvic Cavity bladder, prostate, uterus, pubic bone
Oral Cavity tongue, teeth - saliva
Nasal Cavity space BEHIND the nose, not within
Visceral Membrane
Orbital Cavity eye socket
Parietal Mambrane
Middle Ear
Visceral Pleura
Visceral Membrane
Parietal Mambrane
Visceral Pleura
Parietal Pleura
Visceral Pericardium outter layer of all abdominal organs
Parietal Pericardium
Parietal Peritoneum inner lining of abdominal cavity
Visceral Peritoneum outter layer of all abdominal organs
Parietal Peritoneum inner lining of abdominal cavity
pleural fluid between lungs and chest walls
pleural fluid between lungs and chest walls
paricardial fluid around heart between sack and heart
Senovial fluid joint juice (lube)
Integumentary system structure - skin, hair, nails, sweat glands Function - protect tissues, reg. body temp, support sensory receptors
Cardiovascular system Structure - Heart, arteries, capularies, veins Function- Move blood through blood vessels and transport substances thru body
Skeletal System
Lymphatic System
Muscular System
Digestive System
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Urinary System
Reproductive System
Anatomical Position Body errect, Toes and Nose forward, feet flat on the ground, palms forward thumbs out
Superior Above
Inferior Below
Anteroir (Ventral) in front, towards front, lung side
Posterior (dorsal) Behind, towards back, behind the lungs
Medial middle, toward the middle
lateral side, toward the side
proximal Nearby & closer to where it's attached to the trunk
distal further from where it's attached to the trunk
Superficial closer to the surface
Deep farther from the surface
Sagittal slice giving right and left - not necessarily even - direction, not location
Transverse cut gives you superoir and inferior parts, not necessarily in half. Like shaving frosting from the cake.
Frontal (coronal) cut to give anteroir and posteroir
Midsagittal Nose to navel, middle right and left, median section
Cross Section Tube shaped structure, anatomical position does not apply here. 90 degree straight accross
longitudinal section Tube shaped structure, anatomical position does not apply here. along the length
oblique section Tube shaped structure, anatomical position does not apply here. anything else ... zig zag even!
Created by: raeannwatters



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