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Cianci - McKinney

Black African Slavery, the Plantation System, and the Atlantic Economy

QuestionAnswer
First African slaves imported Done by the Portuguese, from West Africa into Iberian Peninsula. Due to the Ottoman Empire no longer exporting white slaves
Slave usage Servants, "Novelty", Plantation labor, mining, often used for sugar, coffee and tobacco harvesting,
Why Africans came to America European settlers did not want to perform manual labor. Enslaved Native Americans died off from disease.
Source of African slaves West African coast. Slave trade was already in existence, due to political warfare.
South American slaves: Imported a century earlier, and many more slaves came here than North America. Slave numbers declined in the 17th century, became less fundamental (excluding Brazil)
Start of North American slavery 1619, Jamestown, Virginia
African communities Southern American slave communities often were larger than those of the Europeans.
Sugar Huge export, mainly harvested in Caribbean at the end of the 1600's.
Increase of slaves in the Caribbean 1700's, went to Brazil and Caribbean islands. Around 20,000 were imported early on. An estimated 90% (and growing) of Jamaica's population was African slaves.
High slave mortality rate causes Infertility, malnutrition and disease. This region wasn't very suitable for living/laboring
Chief slave traders 16th century: Spain and Portugal 17th century: Netherland 17th onward: England
Slave triangle trade European goods to Africa for slaves Slaves to West Indies for produce Sugar and produce to Europe
"Seasoning" Conditioning newly imported slaves to their lack of freedom, labor tasks, etc.
The slave communities Slaves built new communities in order to preserve culture, kept languages and religions. Formed new "nations".
Slave laws Gave some, but few, rights to slaves. Mainly created for preventing revolts. Welfare still was unimportant to owners
Religion Roman Catholicism and Protestantism was forced onto slaves, though some kept their beliefs by mixing them with Christianity.
Created by: Cianci