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nervous system galen

neurotransmitters and stuff

CNS has two components spinal cord and brain
brain is composed of forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain
PNS has two main components somatic and autonomic nervous system
somatic nervous system is composed of afferent neurons and efferent neurons
autonomic nervous system is composed of parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems
region associated with higher thinking forebrain
associated with directing movement, sensory integration, language learning and memory cerebrum
portion of the brain associated with emotion and memory formation limbic system
integration center; plays an important role in coordinating the senses, consciousness, alertness and sleep thalamus
connects the nervous system and endocrine system. It is associated with thermoregulation, hunger, thirst, hydration, sleep, and circadian rhythms hypothalamus
helps integrate information from various parts of the brain. In this way it plays a role in motor coordination and motivation midbrain
associated with the more critical functions of life. constructed of anatomical structures found in the most inferior aspect of the brain. hindbrain
neurotransmitter CNS: associated with areas of the brain involved in directing and coordinating movement PNS: stimulates contraction of muscles at the neuromuscular junction acetylcholine
neurotransmitter CNS: primarily used by the brain stem PNS: primary neurotransmitter used by the sympathetic nervous system norepinephrine
neurotransmitter CNS: primarily found in brain stem. Associated with motivation and movemant PNS small role related to digestion dopamine
neurotransmitter CNS: found throughout the brain. Usually an inhibitory neurotransmitter. PNS: no role GABA
neurotransmitter CNS: found throughout the brain. Associated with consciousness and perception PNS: no role serotonin
neurotransmitter CNS: found throughout the brain. Usually an excitatory neurotransmitter. Associated with learning and memory formation PNS: no role glutamate
Created by: amandasoman