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Quiz 2: Cells

Cells

QuestionAnswer
The general characteristics of proteins are that ... they contain C, H, O, and N. They are made from amino acids Their structures affect their function.
When comparing two solutions with different concentrations, the solution with a higher concentration of solute is ... Hypertonic
The pH scale measures the ... concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
True statements about lipids ... they are organic molecules not water-soluable they contain carbon
The process of using the information on mRNA to make protein is called ... translation
The simplest form of a carbohydrate is ... monosaccharide
The organic molecule in a cell that contains the codes for making all of the proteins in the body DNA
pH of the body is ... about 7.4, slightly basic
Characteristic of carbohydrates ... They provide much of the energy that the cell needs
TF Starch is a polysaccharide? True
Glycogen is a polysaccharide
When a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution of glucose ... water will tend to leave the cell by osmosis
Example of active transport Na/K pump
Growth of a cell and replication of DNA occur during which stage of a cell's life? Interphase
Differentiation seems to result from different cells using different genes
Transport process that does not require ATP Facilitated diffusion
Requires a difference in water (hydrostatic) pressure ... Filtratioin
In what phase of the cell cycle do the chromosomes begin to move toward opposite sides of the cell? Anaphase
The DNA in a cell is found in the form of chromatin during ___________ and in the form of ___________________ during mitosis. Interphase Chromosomes
Created by: raeannwatters