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Review of Disease13

Digestive System

intussesception telescoping of the bowel into itself
jaundice yellow discoloration of skin and mucous membranes secondary to increased bilirubin in the blood
melena tarry dark stool secondary to bleeding in the digestive tract
volvulus twisting of the bowel resulting in obstruction
thrush overgrowth of fungus (yeast-candida albicans). Can occur in mucous membranes eg. mouth, vagina or on skin
cholelithiasis gallstones
gastroesoophageal reflux disease GERD - heartburn
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
cirrhosis (of liver) chronic degenerative disease of liver replacing healthy tissue with scar tissue
hiatal hernia protuding of the stomach through the diaphragm near the base of the esophagus
celiac disease damage to the samll intestine secondary to gluten ingestion
achalasia dilation of lower esophagus due to pressure from accumlation of food
portal hypertension increased pressure in the vein entering the liver
peritonitis inflammation of the membrane surrounding the organs of the abdominal cavity
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
steatorrhea fat in the stool
diverticulosis condition of pockets in the intestines
Crohn disease inflammatory bowel disease
irritable bowel syndrome IBS - alternating episodes of constipation and diarrhea
peristalsis wavelike contractions of intestine to move food bolus
Created by: cskinner