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Cianci- Greenstein

Periods of European Overseas Empires, Mercantile Empires, Spanish Colonial Syste

Slave Trade Developed greatly during this time period in both Europe and the Americas- mainly African slaves
Era of Mercantile Empires time of colonial trade and rivalry among France, Spain, and Great Britain
End of Mercantilism and Colonization colonial trade and rivalry among France, Spain, and Great Britain
Mercantilism Belief in the benefits of profitable trading- led to colonization
Mid to late 20th century Decolonization by the Europeans occurs after 4 and a half centuries
The Treaty of Utrecht (1713) established the boundaries of empire during the first half of the 12th century
Mercantilism Belief in the benefits of profitable trading- led to colonization
Goal of Colonies To supply goods, natural materials, and workers to the home country
National Monopoly ruling principal in Mercantilism when one country controls a trade-tight system of national commerce
"Golden Age of Smugglers" in the 18th century colonists traded and waged war with one another at their convenience and left the parent countries to take responsibility
East India Company British chartered company that held a legal monopoly in India
Compagnie de Indes French company that was in competition with the East India Company
Factories original European trading footholds in India
Audiencias subordinate judicial counsels of the viceroyalties in Spanish colonies
Corregidores local officials who ruled over municipal counsils in the Spanish colonies
Casa de Contratacion (House of Trade) in Seville that regulated all trade with the New World
Consulado Merchant guild in Seville that was associated with trade from the new world
Flota Spanish fleet consisting of merchant ships and protecting warships that made a yearly trip to gather and transport supplies to and from the new world- trade outside of it was illegal
1765- France Charles III abolishes the monopolies of Seville and Cadiz allowing other Spanish cities to trade with America
intendants loyal, royal bureaucrats who were placed in power over colonies to prevent corruption and make tax collecting more efficient
peninsulares persons born in Spain who went to the New World- taking the most profitable jobs
creoles persons of European descent who were born in the Spanish colonies- became second class citizens and were very unhappy about it
Created by: Cianci