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Review of Diseases 6


anuria no urine production
pyelonephritis bacterial infection of the kidney and renal pelvis
acute tubular necrosis renal faiure where tubules have been injured
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
renal calculi kidney stones (nephroliths) made up of mineral salts and obstruct portions of the kidney or ureter
polycystic kidney disease hereditary, progressive disorder. Cysts form in the kidneys - progressive destruction
hydronephrosis renal pelvis and calyces becom edistended and begin to atrophy due to urine outflow obstruction
nephrotic syndrome disorder marked by increased glomerular permeability to proteins, resulting in massive proteinuria, edema, hyperlipidemia, hypoalbuminemia and hypercoagulopathy
uremia presence of increased nitrogenous waste products (urea) in the blood
neurogenic bladder dysfunction related to disease or injury of the CNS or certain peripheral nerves
lithotripsy destruction of stones in the urinary tract (liths) using sound waves
acute renal failure 25% or more rise in serum creatinine and decreased GFR (glomerular filtration rate)
hematuria blood in the urine
interstitial cystitis chronic inflammation of the bladder lining
dysuria difficult or painful urination (micturitiion)
acute glomerulonephritis kidney infection (nephritis) in which the glomeruli are affected
Created by: cskinner