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AR Chapter 7 Test

Muscle/Joints

QuestionAnswer
muscular dystrophy genetically transmitted disorder characterized by progressive symmetrical wasting of skeletal muscles
strain injury to the body of the muscle or attachment of the tendon, resulting from overstretching, overextension, or misuse (muscle pull)
electromyography process of recording the strength of the contraction of a muscle when it is stimulated by an electric current
arthritis inflammation of joints
bunion abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
ganglion cystic tumor developing on a tendon; usually back of the wrist
gout acute arthritis that is characterized by inflammation on the first metetarsal joint of the great toe
lyme disease acute recurrent inflammatory infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick; characterized by a red, circular rash and flu like symptoms
osteoarthritis most common form of arthritis and results from wear and tear on the joint; especially weight bearing joints like hips and knees
rheumatoid arthritis chronic, sytemic, inflammatory disease that affect multiple joints of the body - mainly small peripheral joint, such as in the hands and foot (characterized by joint pain, stiffness, limitation of movement & fatigue)
arthroplasty surgical reconstruction (repair) of a joint
articular cartilage thin layer of carilage protecting and covering the connecting surfaces of bone
bursa small sac that contains synovial fluid for lubricating the area around the joint where friction is most likely to occur
hinge joint joint that allows movement in one direction; a back-and-forth motion (elbow)
ball-and-socket joint joint that allows movements in many directions around a central joint (hip)
closed reduction manual forcing of a joint back into its original position without making an incision; also called closed manipulation
crepitation clicking or crackling sounds heard upon joint movement; may be heard in osteorarthritis
joint cavity space between two connecting bones
flexion bending motion that decreases the angle between two bones
adduction movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
extension straightening motion that increases the angle between two bones
abduction movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
rotation turning of a bone on its own axis
pronation act of turning the palm downward or backward
supination act of turning the palm up or forward
plantar flexion flexion of the foot, beinding the foot downward, at the ankle, as in ballet dancing
dorsiflexion bending the foot backward, or upward, at the ankle
circumduction movement of an extremity around in a circular motion; performed with ball-and-socket joints as in the shoulder and hip
kyphosis humpback
malaise vague feeling of weakness
atrophy wasting away; "without development"
insertion point of attachment of a muscle to a bone; more mobile
arthralgia pain in the joints
contracture abnormal (usually permanent) bending of a joint into a fixed position; usually caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers
torso main part of the body; also known as trunk and midsection
fascia thin sheets of fibrous connective tissue that penetrate and cover the entire muscle
synovial fluid thick lubricating fluid located in synovial joints
sciatica inflammation of the sciatic nerve, marked by pain and tenderness along the path of the nerve through the thigh and leg
viscous sticky; gelatinous
photosensitivity increased reaction of the skin to exposure to sunlight
subluxation incomplete dislocation
involuntary muscle muscles that act without conscious control; controlled by the autonomic nervous system and hormones
pelvic girdle weakness weakness of the muscles of the pelvic girdle; found in muscular dystrophy
bunionectomy surgical removal of a bunion; removing the bony overgrowth ant eh bursa
suture immovable joint; such as a fibrous joint
Created by: maxphia32